# Design Considerations for Radial Key Retrofit

*A practise that is becoming more and more common is to retrofit hydro-electric generators with Radial Key Systems. There are significant design considerations that must be made to ensure...*

Seismic Analysis of Buried Pipelines Subjected to Vertical Fault Movement

*Earthquakes have demonstrated the vulnerability of buried pipelines, mainly to 'non-dynamic' seismic deformations of the ground, such as liquefaction, landslide...*

Influence of Soil-Pipeline Stiffness on Bending Stresses from Surface Loading

Buckling of Frames with Load-Dependent Supports

*The supports of frames may increase their rotational resistance as they are compressed. It is assumed here that this stiffening is a linear function of the load. Sway and nonsway buckling...*

Postbuckling Analysis of Composite Stiffeners under Uniaxial Compression

*This paper presents an analytical and experimental study conducted for postbuckling of I-section stiffeners. A stability analysis was carried out to determine postbuckling response of...*

Stochastic Strain-Displacement Matrices for Finite Elements with Random Constitution

*A prescribed correlated random field for elastic moduli furnishes an associated population of stochastic shape functions at the element level. The principle of deterministic tractions,...*

Local Integration Method in Stochastic Finite Element Analysis

*This paper, introducing local integration method, proposes a new stochastic finite element method for estimating the response variability of multi-dimensional stochastic systems. Young's...*

Short-Term Versus Long-Term Pipe Ring Stiffness in the Design of Buried Plastic Sewer Pipes

*It is often discussed which pipe ring stiffness should be used when designing the long-term deflection of buried plastic sewer pipes; the short-term value or the long-term value? As the...*

Seismic Characterization of Fracture Properties

*Laboratory measurements of the mechanical stiffness, hydraulic conductivity and seismic properties of three natural fractures were made as a function of applied normal stress. Seismic...*

Wave Propagation in Hyper-Structures

*The concept of hyperelement was introduced by E. Kausel and J.M. Roesset, 1977 in connection with the derivation of the dynamic stiffness matrix for layered continuum problems involving...*

Laboratory Aging of Asphalt-Aggregate Mixtures

*Aging may result in hardening (stiffening) of the mixture which will result in a change in performance of the mixture. This may be beneficial since a stiffer mixture will have improved...*

North American Practice in Reinforced Soil Systems

Buckling Design of Vierendeel Reticular Shells

*Double layer reticular shell structures carry very little transverse shear, thus, it may be appropriate to substitute the inter-layer diagonal members with 'space'...*

The Design of Diagonal Cross-Bracing

*The results of an analytical and experimental study on the behavior of simple and double diagonal cross-bracings in vertical stiffening trusses and in built-up open web beams are presented...*

Elastic Stability of Non-Prismatic Columns

*A matrix analysis technique for determining the elastic buckling loads for columns of general form is presented along with several numerical examples. In this technique, a non-prismatic...*

Buckling of Variable Cross-Section Columns

*An approximate solution for the problem of buckling of variable cross-section columns, loaded by variable axial force is given, for several boundary conditions. Both the cross-section...*

Tripping and Strength of Asymmetrical Plate Stiffeners

*Tripping (lateral-torsional buckling) of symmetrical or asymmetrical plate stiffeners can be analyzed by using differential equations or energy formulation. An analytical study is reported...*

Original Formulation of the Finite Element Method

*Following a brief summary of the 1952 state of the art of structural analysis, the paper describes the circumstances that led to the formulation of the finite element method by members...*

Compressive Deterioration of Cracked Concrete

*When shear behavior of reinforced concrete (R/C) members is to be simulated, the compressive strength and the stiffness reduction of cracked concrete must be taken into consideration....*

Aerodynamic Stability of Long Span Suspension Bridge—Effects of Stiffening Truss Width

*This paper presents the effects of truss width upon the aerodynamic stability of the long span suspension bridge with truss girder up to 2000 m. It was found that the truss width had a...*

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