Cropping Systems on the Delmarva Peninsula to Reduce Ground Water Contamination
A total of twelve cropping systems were simulated with the GLEAMS model for nitrate leaching. A precipitation model was developed using a Markov chain model and a gamma distribution for...

Preparation of Notification Models Using Continuous Modeling Techniques
Public health departments in many states now require that operators of collection systems notify them of discharges from combined sewer systems soon after these events occur. This allows...

COASTMAP: An Integrated System for Environmental Monitoring, Modeling and Management
The development of COASTMAP, an integrated system for environmental monitoring, modeling and management for fresh and marine waters, is presented. The system allows the user to collect,...

Detailed Measurements of Scour at Bridges
The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Federal Highway Administration, has recently developed equipment and techniques for collecting detailed bathymetric and hydraulic data...

Computational Tools for Subsurface Conceptualization
Development of subsurface conceptual models for use in groundwater flow and transport modeling requires that existing data in the form of boring logs, cone penetrometer (CPT) logs, geophysical...

European Progress on river Renaturalisation
Most restoration projects in Europe have been designed to maximise species richness with little regard for channel stability. To recreate a sustainable natural channel it is necessary...

Effects of Spatial Data Resolution and Subarea Size on a Distributed Runoff Model
Spatial data layers of elevation, land use, and soils for a small agricultural watershed in Pennsylvania were used to study the effect of resolution degradation of raster data on the output...

Modeling the Impact of Uncertainty in Spatial Variability of Estuarine Boundary Conditions
Multi-dimensional numerical estuarine models that consider baroclinic forcing require the specification of both the water surface and the water density (salinity and temperature) at the...

Hydrodynamic Changes Associated with Navigation Traffic on the Upper Mississippi River System
Research has been conducted at the Illinois State Water Survey for the last five to seven years to collect field data from the Illinois and Mississippi Rivers to determine the extent and...

Distributions of Return Flow in Navigable Waterways
Physical impacts of barge traffic on the riverine environment have drawn increasing attention from resource managers of the Upper Mississippi River System (UMRS). Return flow, which can...

Spatial Statistics for Rainfall Forecasts Assessment
Assessments of rainfall forecasts were developed using GIS-based spatial statistical procedures applied to calibrated radar-rainfall fields in central Oklahoma. The overall objective of...

Automated Tools for Spatially Distributed Rainfall/Runoff Modeling
A watershed modeling system (WMS) has been developed to address the needs of surface water rainfall/runoff computer simulations. WMS, developed at the Engineering Computer Graphics Laboratory...

Status Report — Task Committee on GIS Models and Distributed Models of the Watershed
In recognition of the trend toward the adoption of geographic information system (GIS) technology in analyzing hydrologic problems and the obvious applications of GIS in incorporating...

Measurements of Bridge-Scour Depths in Mississippi
This paper briefly summarizes 190 measured pier-scour depths collected dur ing 1942–94 at 22 selected bridges in Mississippi and presents an envelope-curve equation for the data. The envelope-curve...

Development of a Hydrologic Model with Both Spatially Distributed and Physically Based Capabilities
A distributed hydrologic model is developed at The Pennsylvania State University for use with rasterized data bases. The purpose of the Terrestrial Hydrologic Model or THM is to investigate...

Runoff Computation Using Spatially Distributed Terrain Parameters
A spatially distributed unit hydrograph is developed based on linear system theory applied to subareas or cells within a watershed Each cell has a unique unit response function independent...

Use of Geomorphic Data for Assessing Stream Stability at Bridge Structures
The authors recently completed a statewide bridge scour evaluation for the Nevada Department of Transportation, which included evaluation of the geomorphic processes of bank erosion and...

Urbanization and Hydrologic Consequences in Simi Valley, California
Regressional analysis of historical hydrological data including rainfall and runoff data reveal that although there has not been a significant temporal change in the amount of rainfall...

Simulation of Catchment Response Using RC Network
This paper describes a simple physically-based distributed parameter hydrologic model of catchment response using a network of capacitors and resistors. The effect of topography is modeled...

Flood Damage Estimates Using GIS Spatial Analysis
The catastrophic flooding in the midwest during the Summer of 1993 and in California in the Spring of 1995 resulted in flood damage estimates in the hundreds of millions to billions of...

 

 

 

 

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