Future Technology for Disbonding Snow and Ice from Pavements
Current techniques to remove ice and compacted snow from pavement surfaces are costly because they needlessly crush or melt most of the ice layer. Also, in many cases they do not accomplish...

Applying a Simple GIS to PMP Analysis in a Microcomputer Environment
The analysis of probable maximum floods (PMF) in the Northwestern United States requires the inclusion of a snowmelt component combined with probable maximum precipitation. Traditionally...

Glacial Icemelt in the Wind River Range, Wyoming
The Wind River Range of Wyoming contains the greatest concentration of glaciers in the American Rocky Mountains with two of the larger glaciers being Dinwoody and Gannett Glaciers. This...

Chaotic Characteristics of Snowmelt Runoff: A Preliminary Study
Chaos, the study of nonlinear dynamic systems, offers a way of observing order in systems previously thought to be random. In this study, we analyze snowmelt runoff from a small watershed...

Possible Climate Change and Its Impact on Snowmelt and Water Supply in California
Global climate modelers are forecasting relatively large future climate change, with warming of 2 to 5?C. These changes, if they do occur, would have major impacts on California's...

Effects of Forest Cover on a Snowpack in the Sierra Nevada
Adjacent snowpacks in a clearing and under a forest canopy were compared over a decade at a site near Lake Tahoe. This comparison provides a few indications of the differences in snowpack...

An Interactive Computer Model to Simulate Water Quality of Streamflow from Forested Watersheds in Arizona
To better formulate water resources policies and management strategies, a computer model that simulates concentrations of dissolved chemicals in snowmelt-runoff from forested watersheds...

Evaporation and Snowmelt Estimates from Satellite Data
Satellite imagery has been used to estimate saltwater evaporation and snowmelt runoff. Water surface temperatures can be obtained from satellite thermal infrared data. Saltwater evaporation...

Computation of Sediment Transport Resulting From Snowmelt and Rainfall in a Sierra Nevada Watershed
Erosion within a watershed can cause extensive damage to the land and adjacent properties. It is a common problem throughout the United States, and has become severe in many areas of the...

Robustness of a Multiple-Use Reservoir to Seasonal Runoff Shifts Associated with Climate Change

Flow Developers for Melting Ice ? Experimental Results

USFS Reserved Rights?A Water User's Perspective

Optimal Use and Economic Value of Seasonal Runoff Forecasts
Each year the National Weather Service and the Soil Conservation Service issue a monthly sequence of five (or six) categorical forecasts of the seasonal snowmelt runoff volume for 760...

Diagnostic Strategies of an Expert System for Simulating Snowmelt Runoff
An expert system, EXSRM, is being developed for an existing and well tested snowmelt runoff model. The expert system assists an unfamiliar user in setting up the model to run and then...

Snow-Melt Triggered Debris Flows Affecting Utah's Megalopolis
During the abnormally wet years of 1983 and 1984, debris flows were triggered late in spring on the west flank of the Wasatch Mountains and elsewhere in Central Utah. These debris flows...

Emergency Response to the 1983 Debris Flows Along Utah's Wasatch Front
The wet cycle experienced in Utah culminated in approximately one thousand landslide triggered debris flows caused by rapid melt of unprecedented snow accumulation in the Wasatch Mountains,...

The Northwest Watershed Research Center, 1959-86
Hydrologic research has been conducted on the Reynolds Creek Experimental Watershed by the Agricultural Research Service for nearly 27 years. Some noteworthy instrumentation, developed...

Artificial Ice Islands for Deep Water and Production Structures
The need for an island to survive the summer melt season is introduced. To account for surface melting and erosion from waves and currents during this season, the island's...

An Expert System for Snowmelt Runoff Modeling and Forecasting
An expert system has been designed and is being built for predicting snowmelt runoff. The expert system mimics an experienced hydrologist by assisting the user in preparing data input,...

Method for Weakening the Ice Cover in Northern Rivers
The recent acceleration of development activities in the North, mainly related to the development of oil and gas fields, has necessitated the bridging of many arctic streams. In such streams,...

 

 

 

 

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