Radiation Energy Treatment of Water, Wastewater and Sludge
A State-of-the-Art Report
Since ionizing radiation is one of the more technologically advanced forms of energy available to society, it has been applied to a great many activities such as: the sterilization of...

U.S. Sludge Digesters: From Pancakes to Eggs
Egg-shaped anaerobic sludge digesters, used extensively in Germany and Japan, cost more to build, but provide better mixing of sludge, require less maintenance and less energy to operate,...

Stabilization and Fixation Using Soil Mixing

Hydrogen Generation During Treatment of Simulated High-Level Radioactive Waste with Formic Acid

Physical Mechanisms Contributing to the Episodic Gas Release from Hanford Tank 241-SY-101

Initial Comparison of Leach Behavior Between Fully Radioactive and Simulated Nuclear Waste Glasses Through Long-Term Testing. Part 1. Solution Analysis

Criticality Safety of TRU Storage Arrays at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant

Sludge Dewatering in Freezing Beds
This paper summarizes the results of laboratory and pilot scale studies on the development of the sludge freezing bed. Laboratory studies indicated that a freezing bed could dewater up...

Formic Acid Requirement for Savannah River Site Defense Waste Processing Facility Melter Feed Preparation (U)
The Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC) will vitrify the high-level radioactive waste into a borosilicate glass wasteform using a slurry-fed, joule-heated melter. Formic acid is...

The Processing of Simulated High-Level Radioactive Waste Sludges Containing Nitrites and Mercury
The reaction of formic acid with simulated alkaline sludge containing mercury and nitrite was studied in an engineering-scale facility. Quantification of offgas production was performed,...

NOAA'S Monitoring of Ocean Dumping at the 106-Mile Dumpsite
The Ocean Dumping Ban Act of 1988 amends the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 to provide for cessation, by December 31, 1991, of all U.S. ocean dumping of industrial...

Responses of Benthic Macrofauna to Phaseout of Sewage Sludge Disposal in the Inner New York Bight
From 1924 through 1987, sewage sludge was dumped at the '12 mile site' 22 km off northern New Jersey in the inner New York Bight. Inputs in the early 1980s were,...

Halifax Harbour Clean Up—A Research Perspective
The status of scientific research pertaining to the marine environmental aspects of the discharge of sewage effluent into Halifax Harbour, Canada is reviewed. The background to the local...

Mercury-Contaminated Sludge Treatment by Dredging in Minamata Bay
To eradicate Minamata disease, caused by sewage containing methyl mercury accumulating in fish and shell-fish through the food cycle, a large-scale sediment disposal project was conducted...

Toxicity Bioassay Using Nitrifying Bacteria
Monitoring water quality by the use of toxicity bioassay was studied with respect to the interrelationship between nitrifying activities, ammonium and inorganic compounds. Differential...

Preliminary Investigation into Using Oxidation-Reduction Potential (ORP) for Real-Time Control of Aerobic-Anoxic Sludge Digesters
This research explores the use of Oxidation-Reduction Potential (ORP) to control an Aerobic-Anoxic Sludge Digestion Process. It compares a Fixed-Time Control reactor (3 hours of air on/3...

Fate of PCBs in Municipal-Sludge Amended Soil
This paper presents the preliminary results of a five-year field study of the fate of PCBs in soil that has been amended with municipal sewage sludge. A first-order model describes the...

Evaluation of Sludge Screening and Screenings Dewatering Technologies
The concept of digested sludge screening has been utilized at the City of Los Angeles' Hyperion Treatment Plant to remove extraneous objects, hair, and fibrous material in...

Autothermal Thermophilic Aerobic Digestion: A Two-Year Appraisal of Canadian Facilities
Full scale, autothermal thermophilic aerobic digestion (ATAD) facilities were constructed or upgraded in 1988 to demonstrate high temperature aerobic digestion of municipal sludges at...

Aerobic Denitrification in Activated Sludge
Definitive proof of the phenomenon of concurrent biological nitrification-denitrification in activated sludge is presented. The mechanism appears to be an inhibition of oxygen respiration...

 

 

 

 

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