Flow Resistance Properties of Flexible Linings
Flow resistance for flexible channel linings is a function of the relative roughness of the lining in accordance with boundary-layer principles. As with vegetation, flexible linings have...

Determination of Hydraulic Roughness for Concrete-Lined, Supercritical Channels
A channel verification program has been initiated by the US Army Engineer District, Los Angeles to determine the hydraulic roughness of flow in a concrete channel. Specifically, this study...

Continuum-Mechanics-Based Rheological Formulation for Debris Flow
This paper aims to assess the validity of the generalized viscoplastic fluid (GVF) model in the light of both the classical relative-viscosity versus concentration relation and the dimensionless...

Rheometry of Natural Sediment Slurries
Recent experimental analyses of natural sediment slurries yield diverse results yet exhibit broad commonality of rheological responses under a range of conditions and shear rates. Results...

Bed Shear Stress in Unsteady Open-Channel Flows
In this study, velocity distributions over smooth and rough beds were accurately measured with an LDA in unsteady open-channel flows. The log-law distributions yielded well in the wall...

Riprap Design at Bridges–Factor of Safety Approach
The factor of safety method offers a physically based methodology for design of riprap that relates the applied shear stress on the channel boundary to the stability of the riprap layer....

Riprap Incipient Motion and Shields' Parameter
Unobstructed incipient motion data from a variety of sources are compiled to re-examine current thinking regarding riprap stability. Shields' framework is investigated and relationships...

Friction in Debris Flows: Inferences from Large-scale Flume Experiments
A recently constructed flume, 95 m long and 2 m wide, permits systematic experimentation with unsteady, nonuniform flows of poorly sorted geological debris. Preliminary experiments with...

Turbulent Velocity Flutuations in Natural Rivers
The longitudinal and transverse components of flow velocity, as well as the normal and tangential stresses, must be expected to fluctuate with time and space when flow at a high Reynolds...

New Canadian Provisions Related to the Design of Composite Beams
In this paper, the new provisions in CAN/CSA-S16.1-M89 for the design of composite beams, together with reasons for changes, are discussed. Some of the new provisions reflect results of...

Shear Connection in Composite Beams
This paper considers the influence of the shape of the deck profile on the shear connection of composite beams. It was found that the existing strength reduction factor can be unconservative...

A Simple Finnish Method for the Structural Fire Design of Composite Structures
The structural fire design of composite structures in Finland has previously been based on furnace tests, which are expensive and take too much time to arrange. With the increasing prominence...

Design of Shear Connectors in Composite Bridge Beams
A new approach is described for the design of stud shear connectors, in composite steel and concrete beams that are subjected to vehicular loads, which allows for the interaction between...

Design of Composite Slabs for Vertical Shear
Three major modes of failure should be considered in the design of the positive moment regions of composite slabs incorporating profiled steel sheeting, viz.: flexure, longitudinal slip...

Composite Columns Subjected to Bending and Shear
This paper describes experimental as well as analytical studies of the post elastic deformation and fracture behaviors of wide flange steel encased reinforced concrete (SRC) composite...

Influence on Steel Deck on Composite Beam Strength
Results of a recent study were described in which 7 push-out tests and 4 composite beam tests were conducted. The results were consistent with other recent studies reported in the literature,...

Force Transfer in Composite Columns
The force transfer from steel to concrete without mechanical transfer devices in composite columns at points of load introduction is studied. A mechanism of force transfer and the factors...

Steel Panel Encased R.C. Composite Shear Walls
In order to make clear the fundamental resisting mechanisms of composite shear walls, tests are carried out on the composite unit rigid frames with various infilled shear walls. Composite...

The Behaviour of Reinforced Concrete Beams Manufactured with Side Profile Sheets
The paper describes in qualitative terms the fundamental principles that control the behaviour of a completely new form of construction in which reinforced concrete beams are constructed...

Digital Image Processing: Experiences in the Gulf War
During the 1990-91 conflict in Southwest Asia between Iraq and coalition forces operating with US Armed Forces, the utility of products developed from digital imagery and digital terrain...

 

 

 

 

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