Cold Weather Roofing Failures

Toronto Skydome Retractable Roof Stadium—The Roof Concept and Design
The Toronto SkyDome is a first of its kind sports stadium with a retractable roof which results in, essentially, a fully open air stadium with the roof fully retracted. This unique roof,...

Trends in Development of Steel Space Structures in Japan
Trends in recent development of steel spatial structures in Japan are reviewed. Starting from reviewing early development after the World War II, structural systems such as pyramidal roof,...

Local Wind Pressures on Roofs
The paper reviews the results of the most recent research studies in the evaluation of wind pressure coefficients for the design of roof cladding elements. The effect of roof geometry...

Wind Effects on Loose-Laid Cladding Systems
Modern roofing systems for flat roofs frequently make use of rigid insulation boards, gravel and concrete pavers that are loose-laid on top of the waterproof membrane. The authors have...

Wind Performance of Asphalt Roofing Shingles
Pre-seal and post-seal wind resistance of asphalt roofing shingles is discussed. A test method for evaluating pre-seal wind damage is described. Wind tunnel testing results are presented...

Ballasted Single Ply Design Guide Development
A new roofing concept called ballasted single ply has now captured about 25% of the new and retrofit flat roof market. This concept relies on the use of ballast to provide the wind resistance...

Vibration-Induced Wind Pressure on Large Span Flat Roof
Vibration-induced wind pressures on a large span flat roof was investigated by a wind tunnel using a uniformly turbulent flow. Measurements of pressures were made on an asymmetrically...

A New Proposal of Design Wind Loads for Beams Supporting Long-Span Roofs
The wind tunnel testings of wind pressures acting on long-span roofs are carried out. Dynamic wind pressures are measured simultaneously at a lot of points on the roofs. The instantaneous...

New Roof for an Aging Temporary
The wartime temporary design of a 1942 industrial building justified use of green timber for its roof trusses and higher than usual allowable design stresses. Some 45 years later, a new...

A Rule-Based System for Estimating Snow Loads on Roofs

Coal Mine Subsidence and Structures
Underground coal mining has occurred beneath 32 multiplied by 10**9m**2 (8 million acres) of land in the United States and will eventually extend beneath 162 multiplied by 10**9m**2 (40...

Time Series Analysis of Wind Pressures on Low Buildings
A new methodology for the description of local wind pressures on the building envelope of mono-sloped roof buildings by using time series analysis is described. A simple AR(1) model has...

Experimental Studies of Artificial Recharge of Ground Water in Yamagata City, Japan
Experimental studies on artificial recharge of ground water were carried out for three years in Yamagata City, Japan. Two types of installation, pit and basin method were used for recharge....

Stability of Wood Trusses During Construction

Dynamic Analysis of Cable Roof Structures—A Bibliography

Evaluating Mitigative Options for Critical Facilities in Hurricane Prone Regions
This paper describes, and demonstrates the use of, a methodology to evaluate the safety of occupants in structures subjected to hurricane forces. Occupant safety is expressed in terms...

Anchorage Forces for Z-Purlin Supported Standing Seam Roof Systems
This paper presents the results of a limited study to determine if the provisions of Section D. 3. 2. 1 'Anchorage Bracing for Roof Systems Under Load with Top Flange Connected...

Lessons Learned From Examination of Membrane Roofs in Alaska
During 1984 and 1985 airborne infrared roof moisture surveys were conducted of membrane roofs at Army installations in Alaska. Many of these roofs were also visually inspected and cored...

Precast Roofs for Blast Shelters
A shallow-buried reinforced concrete blast shelter has been constructed and dynamically tested at the U. S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station (WES). Three thicknesses of precast...

 

 

 

 

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