On the Influence of Seismically Induced Residual Forces on Bridge Abutment Design
The seismic design of bridge abutments depend on the anticipated movement of the abutment during the design earthquake. For seat-type abutments in which the backfill resistance can be...

Micromechanics and Effective Properties of Elastic Particulate Composites
A new micromechanical framework is proposed to investigate the effective mechanical properties of elastic particulate multiphase composites. Exact ensemble-volume averaged field equations...

Damage Dependent Micromechanics in Metal Matrix Composites
A computational approach is used herein to model the effects of processing induced thermal residual stresses on radial, hoop, and shear stresses at the fiber/matrix interface in a continuous...

Micromechanical Characterization of Damage-Plasticity in Metal Matrix Composites
A micromechanical theory of damage mechanics and plasticity is proposed for fiber-reinforced metal matrix composites. The composite system is assumed to consist of elastic, continuous...

Rate-Dependent Plasticity Representation for Energy-Absorbing Materials
A three dimensional rate-dependent plasticity constitutive model is developed for rigid polyurethane foams. In the model, the material is decomposed into skeleton and solid matrix from...

Random Aspect of the Stress Inside Granular Media
Micromechanics of granular media arose from the necessity of a better understanding of the relationship between the global behaviour of such materials and the physical phenomena which...

Use of Hierarchical Lattices for Predicting the Fluid or Stress Transfer in Concrete
Hierarchical lattices are used to study the influence of local disorder on the transfer of properties (stresses, strains, permeability) from the micro-scale to the macro-scale. They are...

On the Diffusional Stress Transmission
A probabilistic diffusional mechanism for the propagation of intergranular forces has been formulated as a set of three mathematical assumptions. The equilibrium equations are complemented...

Stress Relaxation Analysis for Sealants
A solution method for stress relaxation analysis of systems composed linear viscoelastic material in a state of plane strain is presented. The incremental, finite element method takes...

Nonisothermal Viscoplasticity
A nonisothermal theory of viscoplasticity is formulated for a medium subjected to finite deformation. The basic system of equations consists of the laws of conservation of linear and angular...

Refined Analysis of Load Distribution Factors for Bridges
This paper presents a new approach for calculating the distribution factors for slab-on-girder bridges. This method considers the coupling of longitudinal and transverse effects. The governing...

Soil Behavior from Unconventional Loading Conditions
Random and sinusoidal loading conditions were used in this study to determine the soil moduli and the damping ratios of cohesive soil samples. Test results showed some differences between...

Experimental Photoelastic Analysis of Tunnels Containing Cracks
Due to the presence of cracks the strength of the structure is decreased in the present paper an experimental two dimensional photoelastic technique has been developed to analyze the circular...

Instability of Slopes with Nonassociated Flow
Experimental investigations of the conditions for instability have shown that granular materials may become unstable inside the failure surface. For states of stress below the failure...

Softening Models for Concrete: Stability and Uniqueness
A microstructurally-based, numerically oriented, fracture-induced softening model for concrete is presented. Rate-dependent evolution equations for microcrack nucleation, growth, and coalescence...

Neural Network Modeling of the Mechanical Behavior of Sand
Given a set of triaxial test data, an artificial neural network (ANN) has been trained to model the mechanical behavior of a medium-to-fine sand. Once trained, the ANN was tested by simulating...

Computer Simulation of Direct Shear Test
This paper presents a pilot study of a computer simulation of direct shear test on sands using the Discrete Element Method. The numerical test setup is described first, which is followed...

Improved Time-History Analysis for Structural Dynamics Calculations
Methods are developed to reduce the computational effort in time-history analysis of nonlinear structures. The methods permit use of much larger time intervals than are possible in conventional...

Nonlinear Geometric and Material Considerations in Shell Structures
A geometrically and materially nonlinear static shell theory allowing large displacements, rotations, and strains with parabolic shear is developed. The theory is cast into a total Lagrangian...

Stress Wave Interaction in Finite Beam on Elastic Foundation
The short-time behavior of a finite Timeshenko beam on a Winkler foundation subjected to step and impulse loadings is presented. The transient behavior was analyzed by using the method...

 

 

 

 

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