Long-Term Performance of Embankment Dam Instrumentation

The CRANIUM: A Case Study of Sensory Improvement for Construction Equipment Operators
Machines excel at physical processes such as generating large forces and performing repetitive motions, but humans are still better at information intensive processes such as planning,...

A Design for Automated Pavement Crack Sealing
An automated crack sealing system can have substantial economic benefits including reduced labor costs, improved quality, and improved safety. While automating crack sealing is technically...

Spray and Ice Measurement Instrumentation for Ships
Bow slamming is the primary water delivery mechanism for ship superstructure icing. Spray flux is largely dependent upon hull dynamics, and cannot be computed numerically with current...

Data Acquisition Techniques for Rotating Machinery
Monitoring the condition and performance of a hydraulic turbine or pump requires the simultaneous collection of data related to shaft speed, torque, power, water and airborne sound pressure...

A Probe Method for Measuring In Situ Rock Thermophysical Properties
The application of a thermal probe method for in situ thermophysical property measurement is analyzed. The REKA method (Rapid Evaluation of k and alpha) involves a single-borehole probe...

Overview and Objectives of the Macrodispersion Experiment
TVA is conducting large-scale field experiments to better define movement and dispersion of contaminants in groundwater. This will support groundwater protection by making possible more...

Second Natural-Gradient Tracer Experiment
The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) has begun a second large-scale groundwater field experiment at the Columbus Groundwater Research test site in Mississippi. This research is a continuation...

Experience With Fiber Composite Materials and Monitoring With Optical Fiber Sensors

Use of Lysimeters to Monitor a Sanitary Landfill
A vadose zone monitoring program has been developed using basin lysimeters to evaluate the environmental impacts of a sanitary waste landfill. Lysimeter systems, consisting of collection...

Scale Effects in Cone Penetration Tests
A field testing program was undertaken to examine the existence of scale effects between a miniature 1.27 cm2 and 15 cm2...

Accuracies of Lysimeter Data Acquisition Systems
Electronic dataloggers are integral parts of most weighing lysimeter systems. Dataloggers supply excitation voltages to lysimeter load cells and measure resulting voltage signals. Resolution...

History of Lysimeter Design and Use for Evapotranspiration Measurements
Lysimeters are devices for measuring percolation of water through soils and sampling soil water for chemical analyses. Lysimeters have been used for over 300 years to determine water use...

Arid Site Water Balance Using Monolith Lysimeters
Four weighing lysimeters, containing monoliths of undisturbed soil, are located at the Arid Lands Ecology Reserve near Richland, Washington (USA), and are used to measure the water balance...

Prefabricated Weighing Lysimeter for Remote Research Stations
After designing and constructing several precision scale system weighing lysimeters in Southern Europe and the Middle East, the need arose for a prefabricated 'turn-key'...

Hydraulic Weighing Lysimeter Measurement Errors
A prototype size lysimeter was studied in the laboratory to determine accuracy and sources of error that might be caused by variable pillow contact area, temperature changes in various...

Use of Lysimeters to Measure Fog Interception in Tussock Grassland New Zealand
Previous studies of the water balance of single Tussock plants in small non-weighing lysimeters over a range of elevations in east-central Otago province suggest that tussock grassland...

Lysimeter Techniques and Application in India
Water is the most important resource and limiting factor for crop and industrial production in India, and agriculture is the largest consumer of water. The measurement of evapotranspiration...

Electronic Lysimetry for Hydrologic Studies
Purpose, definition and technology of lysimetry are in constant evolution. The flexure scale used here is a frictionless weighing machine, sturdy and precise. Electronics are necessary...

Permeability and Dispersivity of Variable-Aperture Fracture Systems
A number of recent experiments have pointed out the need of including the effects of aperture variation within each fracture in predicting flow and transport properties of fractured media....

 

 

 

 

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