Instituting Increasing Block Rate Pricing as a Water Conservation Measure
The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the benefits of an increasing block rate pricing policy as a water conservation measure. By changing the pricing structure, demands will change...

Marginal Cost Pricing: Is Water Different?
The objectives of public utility pricing are generally acknowledged to include a desire for efficient allocation of community resources, equity in allocating cost shares, stable revenues...

Summary and Appraisal: Economic Incentives, Pricing and Financing

Water Conservation in Irrigated Agriculture
This paper looks at irrigated agriculture in the West in light of the current circumstances, with particular reference to water conservation. It illustrates the need for expanding the...

Affordable CADD
In the past few years many civil engineers have become aware of the advantages of CADD systems. However, CADD systems were originally prohibitively expensive for all but the largest offices....

The Role of Social and Behavioral Sciences in Water Resources Planning and Management
This volume contains the proceedings of the conference on The Role of the Social and Behavioral Sciences in Water Resources Planning and Management. The topics addressed include obstacles...

Emerging Applications of Water Valuation
This paper identifies the emerging importance of the water value concept through a number of applications. These emerging applications include natural resource damage assessment, water...

Crunch Time for Airport Engineering
Airlines are attracting more passengers, but few new airports are being built. Existing airports are facing problems caused by this added load. One growing burden is aircraft noise at...

Economic Benefit of Irrigation on Beef Ranches
Drought can result in forage shortages leading to possible liquidation of the breeding herd. Liquidation is often at depressed prices, and replacement may be at elevated prices. In this...

Computer Pricing Practices
Civil engineers have become increasingly involved with the use of computers to help solve engineering problems. Many problems that previously could be solved only approximately, or that...

Drying Out
Treatment plants are most efficient when they're treating waste, not water. Spurred on by increased fuel prices, a number of new technologies have been developed that can...

Supercomputers and their Impact on Civil Engineering
The increasing complexity of today's civil engineering applications requires increasing detail and analyses with associated increased demands on computer resources. At the...

A CM Multiple Contracting Cost Model
The original purpose for construction management was cost savings through time savings and efficient operations. As the CM system expanded in use and scope of services other very significant...

Hydraulic Transient Analysis on a Micro Computer
The shift toward micros has reduced prices and increased accessibility, permitting engineers to bypass 'bureaucratic' DP departments and run programs as often...

The True Cost of Microcomputers
The purchase price of a microcomputer represents a small fraction of the total operating cost of that micro. An analysis of other cost components reveals an ongoing annual cost from two...

World Energy Outlook
In response to lower energy prices and reinvigorated economic growth, demand for all forms of energy is increasing steadily. With the growing realization that man's resources,...

Computer Aided Design of Small Hydro Turbine
The paper discusses a system for producing custom designed turbines which are attractive in price and delivery, retaining the advantages of customization. A computerized program is being...

Specification Writing for Small Hydro-Generators
For small hydro projects, it is all too common for the spec writer to use a convenient off-shelf spec usually written for a much larger unit. Minor modifications (primarily ratings) are...

Hydropower Contract Conditions for Civil Engineering Works
Norwegian types of contract documents for hydropower construction work - especially the underground parts - have long had the reputation of being flexible as opposed to the traditionally...

The Electronic Road Pricing System in Hong Kong
This paper addresses the traffic congestion problem and issues relating to the experiment of the world's first pilot scheme on Electronic Road Pricing System in Hong Kong....

 

 

 

 

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