The Hail Problem
Unlike some other forms of precipitation, hail comes in bursts of short duration, falls over isolated and unpredictable locations, and usually occupies only a small percentage of the total...

Hail Concepts
Hail, the product of vigorous deep convection, requires those same conditions that are conducive to the development of thunderstorms. These conditions include water vapor, especially in...

The Design of Hail Suppression Operations
When hail suppression operations are being considered, it is already understood that hail damage is a significant problem in an area in which the political subdivision, organization, or...

Conduct of Operational Hail Suppression Projects
Those conducting hail suppression operations should be vigilant and always prepared to react when potential hailstorms begin to develop. In this chapter, some guidance is provided for...

Evaluation of Hail Suppression Efforts
The rationale for conducting project evaluations is to find out how successful the operations are in achieving the desired results. This assessment is more easily said than done. It is...

Innovative Wet-Weather Flow Collection/Control/Treatment Systems for Newly Urbanizing Areas in the 21st Century

Liquid Wastes and Industrial Sludge

Fuzzy Rule-Based Forecasting of Extreme Rainfall Probability Conditioned on Sea Surface Temperature
(No paper) The recent El Nino event demonstrated the importance of sea-surface temperature on rainfall anomalies. The purpose of this paper is to develop a methodology to forecast extreme...

Fouling of Nanofiltration Membranes due to Calcium Sulfate Precipitation in Treatment of Agricultural Drainage Water

Causes of Increased Net Basin Supply in the Great Lakes Watershed

Innovative Wet-Weather Flow Management Systems for Newly Urbanized Areas

Urban Wet-Weather Flows Toxic Pollutants: Characterization and Enhanced Sedimentation Treatment

Recovery of Nitrogen and Phosphorus from Anaerobically Treated Wastes Using Struvite Precipitation

Powdered Activated Carbon Adsorption of MIB in a Lime Softening Treatment Plant

Data and Uncertainties for GIS Based Hydrologic Modeling

Periodicity in Midwestern Climatic Data

Seasonal Microbial Levels in Adjacent Watersheds

Computer-Aided Schedule Forecasting System Subjected to Impacts of Rains

A Fuzzy Rule-Based Model to Link Circulation Patterns, ENSO, and Extreme Precipitation

Tornado and Hail Risk Modeling: An Event Based Approach





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