Dissolved Oxygen and Woody Debris: Detecting Sensitive Forest Streams
Early watershed studies showed that timber harvesting and yarding could depress dissolved oxygen in nearby streams when fresh slash entered streams and streamside shade was reduced. State...

Gas Transfer Measurements on an Ice-Covered River
Wasteload allocation for existing and proposed pulp mills in the Athabasca River Basin of northern Alberta, Canada, necessitated measurement of the atmospheric reaeration rate, K2,...

Rainfall-Reaeration Effects
The effect of rainfall intensity on reaeration has not been adequately reported in the literature. It is clear that rainfall causes surface turbulence and increases reaeration, and a significant...

Epilimnetic Dissolved Oxygen Content and Surface Water Pump Performance
Surface water pumps have been operated and monitored at TVA's Douglas Dam since 1987. The purpose of these pumps is to improve the dissolved oxygen (DO) content of the hydropower...

Oxygen Transfer in Turbulent Shear Flows
Oxygen transfer equation for the air-water two-phase aeration region of turbulent shear flow in a vertical pipe is derived. Dimensionless variables significant in characterizing the transfer...

Technology Development for Auto-Venting Turbines
Experimentation with venting air into the hydroturbines at Norris Dam has convinced the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) that this is a viable method for increasing dissolved oxygen (DO)...

Oxygen Transfer at Spillways
A relationship for oxygen transfer efficiency, E, at spillways and gated spillways with a hydraulic jump or plunge pool, has been developed from conceptual considerations and fit to measurements...

Oxygen Transfer in Full Lift Hypolimnetic Aeration Systems
A series of experiments were conducted to examine the effect of diffuser depth, diffuser orifice diameter and separator box surface area on oxygen transfer (mg/L), daily oxygen load (kg...

Sidestream Elevated Pool Aeration Station Design
The Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago (MWRDGC) is constructing a system of five Sidestream Elevated Pool Aeration (SEPA) stations along the 35.8 mile Calumet River,...

Mechanical Aeration System Design for Reservoir Tailwater Enhancement
Low dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations in tailraces below hydropower facilities has been identified as a problem at some projects during nongeneration periods. One technique which may...

Field Tests on a Bubbleless Membrane Aerator
A novel bubbleless hollow fiber membrane aerator has been developed and tested for the oxygenation of water. In this process pure oxygen is maintained on the inside of a bundle of sealed,...

Experiment on the Efficiency of an Aspirator-Blower Type Aerator
An aspirator-blower type aerator was designed and tested successfully for small lake application. The experiment showed that significant amount of air flow can be generated by the aspirator...

Theoretical Investigation of Oxygenating Bubble Plumes
Rehabilitation of lakes by oxygenation with air or oxygen plumes has been proven to be biologically feasible. Oxygenating plumes are released from areal sources and the gases are absorbed...

The Use of a Deep Shaft for the Waste Water Treatment Plant of Orgamol SA
The first version of a new deep aeration system has been built for Orgamol SA, a chemical plant in the Rhone valley, Switzerland. Construction, operation and oxygen transfer mode of the...

Oxygen Mass Transfer to Flowing Ground Water Using Oxygen Microbubbles
Mass balance and transfer of oxygen has been studied from oxygen microbubbles to low dissolved oxygen ground water passing through variously configured pilot scale vertical slice test...

A Proposal for Risk Sharing in the Development of a Lunar Oxygen Plant

Pyroclastic Deposits as Sites for Lunar Bases

Getting Lunar Ileminte: From Soils or Rocks?

Magnetic Beneficiation of Highland and Hi-Ti Mare Soils: Magnet Requirements

Lunar Oxygen and Metal for Use in Near-Earth Space: Magma Electrolysis

 

 

 

 

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