From Mean Fluxes to a Detailed Experimental Investigation of the Gas Transfer Process
Three new experimental techniques are discussed which allow a much more detailed investigation of the gas transfer process than any previous techniques. Using heat as a proxy tracer for...

Methane Tracer Technique for Gas Transfer at Hydraulic Structures
Using a simple headspace gas chromatographic technique, gas transfer at several hydraulic structures were investigated. Naturally occurring methane was used as a tracer gas to measure...

Measurement of Reaeration Coefficient with the Soluble Solids Probe
The results of analytical and experimental studies are presented, showing that the proposed method for indirect determination of gas transfer coefficients at gas-liquid interfaces, based...

Measurement of Stream Reaeration Rate Coefficients Using Propane Gas
Three determinations of the reaeration rate coefficient, K2, were made on a 1185-m reach of the upper Assabet River in Westborough and Northborough,...

Gas Transfer at Hydraulic Structures
The objective of this paper is to identify and briefly summarize the state-of-the-art in measuring and describing gas transfer at hydraulic structures. Basic theory of mass transfer at...

Technology Development for Auto-Venting Turbines
Experimentation with venting air into the hydroturbines at Norris Dam has convinced the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) that this is a viable method for increasing dissolved oxygen (DO)...

Oxygen Transfer at Spillways
A relationship for oxygen transfer efficiency, E, at spillways and gated spillways with a hydraulic jump or plunge pool, has been developed from conceptual considerations and fit to measurements...

New Experimental Results on the Parameters Influencing Air-Sea Gas Exchange
Gas exchange experiments from large linear and circular facilities are presented which provide some more insight into the influence of waves on the gas exchange process. The experimental...

Field Tests on a Bubbleless Membrane Aerator
A novel bubbleless hollow fiber membrane aerator has been developed and tested for the oxygenation of water. In this process pure oxygen is maintained on the inside of a bundle of sealed,...

Experiment on the Efficiency of an Aspirator-Blower Type Aerator
An aspirator-blower type aerator was designed and tested successfully for small lake application. The experiment showed that significant amount of air flow can be generated by the aspirator...

Designing Better Hollow Fibre Contactors
In this paper we calculate optimum hollow fibre module designs for gas absorption by maximizing the mass transferred per unit cost. Two costs are considered; the membrane cost and the...

Joint Spacing for Airfield Pavement
This paper looks at various factors affecting portland cement concrete(PCC) pavement cracking, with special emphasis on the effect of joint spacing on crack development. A rational approach...

Performance of Airport PCC Pavements During Spring Thaw Periods
The portland cement concrete (PCC) pavements at two Wisconsin airports, Central Wisconsin Airport in Mosinee, and Outagamie County Airport in Appleton, were monitored during spring thaw...

Air-Water Mass Transfer
This monograph, Air-Water Mass Transfer: Selected Papers from the Second International Symposium on Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces, consists of papers presented at the Symposium which...

Steady Turbulent Gas Desorption in Surface Condenser Tubes
A one-dimensional steady two-phase separated flow model in conjunction with the energy and mass transfer equations and an associated turbulent mass transfer coefficient model are utilized...

The Use of a Deep Shaft for the Waste Water Treatment Plant of Orgamol SA
The first version of a new deep aeration system has been built for Orgamol SA, a chemical plant in the Rhone valley, Switzerland. Construction, operation and oxygen transfer mode of the...

Oxygen Transfer in Turbulent Shear Flows
Oxygen transfer equation for the air-water two-phase aeration region of turbulent shear flow in a vertical pipe is derived. Dimensionless variables significant in characterizing the transfer...

Volatilization of PCBs From the Great Lakes
The potential volatilization of polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) and other semi-volatile organic chemicals (SOCs) from Lake Superior and Green Bay, Lake Michigan, is being investigated. The...

Rainfall-Reaeration Effects
The effect of rainfall intensity on reaeration has not been adequately reported in the literature. It is clear that rainfall causes surface turbulence and increases reaeration, and a significant...

Turbulent Water Aeration: Analytical Approach and Experimental Data
Analytical studies based on the statistical theory of turbulence were carried out in order to identify some relevant parameters which may be associated with the reaeration rate coefficient...

 

 

 

 

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