Impact Fees: Florida's Link Between Growth, Road Improvements, and Financing
Impact fees are one mechanism by which local governments can obtain additional revenue needed to construct major roads demanded by the consequences of new development. In Florida, the...

The Strategic Use of Information Systems in Urban Transportation
Computer information systems have been used by many private firms to improve the quality and change the character of the products and services they provide. Such uses of computers are...

Restoration of Fisheries Habitat: A Legislative Proposal
There are numerous federal, state, and local laws related to the conservation of coastal habitats. Nevertheless, these valuable resources continue to be degraded and destroyed. One result...

EEZ Governance in Australia, Canada, the United States and New Zealand
All four nations listed in the title claim 200-mile exclusive resource zones based on the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention's exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and continental shelf...

Nisqually River Management Plan
The Nisqually River is unique in Washington State, if not the nation, in having as its headwaters a glacier within a national park, and its estuary within a national wildlife refuge. The...

A Comparison of California's Coastal Programs
California is the only state that has two distinct coastal management programs for two different geographic segments of the state's coastal zone, with each program administered...

An Overview of the Implementation of PURPA
In November of 1978, Congress enacted a major piece of legislation that started a new direction in how energy resources in this country would be developed in the next decade. The Act,...

Tort Liability in the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation
During the past decade many have questioned the propriety of the doctrine of sovereign immunity; numerous legal challenges and legislative changes have eroded the doctrine in most states....

Unit Operations Approach in Exposure/Release Evaluation for New Chemicals
The unit operations approach may also be applied to the estimation of potential exposure and release of toxic materials from the manufacture and/or processing of new chemicals. By characterizing...

Environmental Auditing: Planning and Implementation
This paper presents a variety of practical concepts which firms may wish to consider during the process of designing an environmental auditing program, or while reviewing the adequacy...

Intrastate and Interstate Water Transfers
Riparian states generally do not permit transfers of water outside the watershed of origin, while the opposite is true in the appropriation states provided there is no harm to existing...

Interstate Agreements for Water Transfers
Any state is typically subjected to opposing forces that wish to 1) preserve limited water resources for future in-state uses, or 2) to export that resource for out-of-state use. Statutes...

Factual Issues in Water Rights Changes
When an appropriator of a water right desires to change the manner in which the right is exercised there are a number of factors that must be considered. These include the types of changes...

Evolution of Water Organisations in England and Wales
Although by the early 1960's there was in existence a large body of legislation dealing with water matters, the Water Resources Act 1963 provided for the first time a significent...

Urban/Rural Interactions in Dade County, Florida
Dade County, which contains the City of Miami, is generally urbanized, yet contains pockets of rural and semi-rural areas. These areas are affected by surrounding urbanization, and some...

Current Status of Flue GasDesulfurization in the United States
Flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems have been in existence in the United States for only 17 years but they have made a tremendous impact in the operation of utility plants. At present,...

Escondido Decision—Results, Impacts & Applications
The United States Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals decision of May 15, 1984, now requires Federal agencies and potential licensees to be more responsive to public needs and requirements....

Identifying Goals—Establishing the Framework
Establishing the framework to identify goals related to infrastructure rehabilitation and upgrading occurs on the federal, state and local level. Regardless of the level in which the program...

Legislating for Infrastructure Investment
It is apparent that today's infrastructure problems require innovative solutions reflecting national spending trends, the size of the federal budget deficit, and individual...

Environmental Auditing—TVA's Experience
TVA has conducted 70 audits of various TVA operations including construction projects and power plants since 1981. In general, TVA's experience with environmental audits has...

 

 

 

 

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