The Public Trust Doctrine and Coastal Zone Management: Towards a Model Policy
The Public Trust Doctrine has long been a tenet of American property law and has been utilized to varying degrees in coastal zone management by individual States. Renewed attention to...

Citizen Participation in Regional Planning Efforts
During the past 4 decades the formal role of citizens has become increasingly more apparent under changing legislative mandates. This paper examines citizen participation in developing...

Increased Attention to Ocean and Coastal Protection Legislation in the 101st Congress
For all the grumbling about the ineffectiveness of Congress, the 101st Congress produced a surprising number of critical pieces of coastal- and ocean-related legislation, and began the...

The Future of Nonpoint Source Pollution Management
The Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments (CZARA) of 1990 have brought the first major revisions to the CZMA in ten years. Section 6217 of the new legislation describes the requirements...

A Regional Approach to State Coastal Management
The Massachusetts Coastal Zone Management (MCZM) Program, which was federally approved thirteen years ago, has a long and impressive history of community, agency and legislative support....

Surface Water Improvement and Management (SWIM) Planning at the South Florida Water Management District
During the past century, environmental values of Florida's wetlands, lakes and estuaries have been severly impacted by human activities. By 1987, the Florida legislature was...

Reassessing the 3-Mile State/Federal Boundary
The allocation of state versus federal authority offshore is critical in determining the complexion and pace of OCS oil and gas development. Yet, recurring drilling moratoria indicate...

Agency Alert: Ignoring the Nollan Nexus May Cost You Money
After discussing two landmark U.S. Supreme Court decisions, this article proposes a model for assessing the legal adequacy of development permit conditions, applies that model in analyzing...

Coordinating Fishery Management and Habitat Conservation
The 1986 and 1990 amendments to the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act strengthened the role of regional fishery management councils (councils) and NMFS when commenting on...

The Hawaii Ocean Resources Management Program: Policy Planning and Inter-agency Coordination
The purpose of the Hawaii Ocean Resources Management Program has been to make comprehensive policy recommendations on how ocean and coastal resources should be managed and to identify...

Regional Coastal Planning and Regulation: The Cape Cod Experience
In Massachusetts, the entire land and water mass of Cape Cod is within the designated coastal zone. Thus, all federal actions affecting this area must be consistent with the state's...

Waste Water Disposal from Coastal Communities Economic and Environmental Consequences of Green Politics
As a result of increasing pressure from the European Commission and environmental groups the UK Government announced, in March 1990, that it would no longer allow the discharge of untreated...

Global Climate Change: Institutional and Policy Considerations
This paper briefly describes research in progress by the authors on the institutional and policy considerations of issues related to global climate change. The aim of the research is to...

Onsite Compliance Programs for Major Oil and Gas Projects
Major oil and gas projects developed in Santa Barbara County are monitored for compliance with conditions of approval through various enforcement and compliance programs. the Resource...

The Ozone Layer: A Critical Analysis of the Management of Public Policy for Fluorocarbons
As environmental public policy becomes increasingly extensive it continues to have greater impact on the lives of each American. The management of the public policy formation process varies...

Balancing Power Production with Natural Resource Benefits: Can You Trade Apples for Oranges?
Recent legislation affecting the licensing of hydropower projects requires that equal consideration be given to power and nonpower resource values. As is the case for past attempts to...

The Effects of Recent Legislation on Conventional, Non-Federal Hydropower
Over the past ten years, federal legislation has created competing economic incentives for the hydroelectric industry - loans and tax credit incentives to stimulate the growth of conventional,...

Overcoming the Obstacles—Hydroelectric Development on the Kankakee River
A number of difficulties were encountered and resolved during development of a 1,200 kW hydroelectric project in northeastern Illinois. Located at the site of an abandoned hydroelectric...

The Benefits of U.K. Guidance for Temporary Works
In British contracts the Contractor is responsible for the design and execution of temporary works unless the Design Engineer or the Client expressly instruct how the work is to be undertaken...

Current Legal Issues Impacting Temporary Works in Construction
There are two evolving areas of legal concern to the engineer and contractor involved in any aspect of temporary construction. The interpretation and application of the Occupational Safety...

 

 

 

 

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