Dormant Season Evaporation: Challenges to the Current Models
Dormant season evaporation is a critical component of the hydrologic balance and can be considered as the winter period or the time in which there is not a crop actively growing. It is...

Dormant Season Alfalfa Water Balance on the NIIP
Non-growing season water balance parameters were measured for alfalfa under high-elevation desert conditions of the Navajo Indian Irrigation Project in northwest New Mexico. The lysimeters...

Evaluation of Dormant Season Evapotranspiration
Water use during the dormant season is often considered to be insignificant in terms of the total water balance. Evapotranspiration was measured over three fields with different crop covers...

Simulating Evapotranspiration on Semi-Arid Rangelands
Detailed simulations of the surface energy balance using the Simultaneous Heat and Water (SHAW) model were compared with measurements collected at the Reynolds Creek Experimental Watershed...

Denitrification of Ground Water/Waste Water using the Aquacel System
Within the United States there are vast reserves of ground water which are no longer suitable for drinking because of high concentration (> 10 mg/l NO3-N) nitrates. Furthermore,...

Artificial Recharge Using Inflatable Rubber Dams
Artificial recharge of ground water is a necessity in Orange County, California, where natural recharge is insufficient to satisfy water demands. Orange County is part of a semiarid coastal...

Grade Control Structures for Pipeline Crossings in the Arid Southwest
Pipeline crossings at streams, rivers, and washes are at risk due to bed and bank erosion in the river environment. Buried pipelines may be exposed in the channel bottom by scour of bed...

Water Conservation Definitions From a Hydrologic Viewpoint
The definition of water management principles needed to satisfy societys water use objectives requires the use of terms and definitions that clearly describe the effects of various water...

Impact of Agricultural Water Conservation on Water Quality in Arid Irrigated Areas
Water quality constituents of concern in irrigation return flow include sediment, nitrate, pesticides, and trace elements. Each of these components can be affected by irrigation and drain...

Urban Water Conservation Efforts of the Irrigation Association
Water conservation, wise water use, efficient water management: no matter what terminology one uses to describe it, the fact is the topic of using less water permeates the irrigation industry....

Liability of Engineers When Wetlands Laws Change
Engineers who perform wetlands delineations or design facilities in wetlands areas are increasingly sued in court when wetlands laws or regulations change. Owners and developers whose...

Environmental Planning for Water Resources Development, Cuatro Cienegas Region, Coahuila, Mexico
In 1983, biological experts met at the 16th Conference on Desert Fishes at the University of Arizona. They concluded that the Cuatro Ciénegas region of Coahuila, Mexico was one of the...

Shallow and Surfacing Ground Water in an Arid Urban Environment
Return flow from landscape irrigation is now a major recharge source and the loss of phreatophytic vegetation has caused decreased evapotranspiration discharge in Henderson, Nevada. Lateral...

Operational Aspects of Warning
Uzbekistan is referred to as the region where the most dangerous natural phenomena are: mudfloods, floods, and avalanches. During the last decades the areas of their manifestation were...

Modeling the Lake Decatur Watershed in Illinois to Evaluate Effects of Best Management Practices on Nitrate Loading
The Illinois State Water Survey recently completed a two-year monitoring and modeling study of the Lake Decatur watershed in Illinois to develop land use management alternatives that would...

Uncertainty in Comparative Analysis with Continuous Nonpoint Source Pollution Models
There have been few attempts to quantify the impact of parameter uncertainty in comparative analysis with continuous nonpoint source pollution models. This paper presents the results of...

Effective Subsurface Retention/Detention Systems
Stringent environmental regulations and increasing land values have made finding an effective way to manage storm water runoff a high priority for consulting engineers and land developers....

Effects of Sewage Effluent Irrigation on Paddy
Paddy, the staple food of South India, occupies about an area of 38 million hectares in India [1, 1987]. Being a semi-aquatic plant, its water requirements are many times more than most...

Flash Floods and Their Control in the Indian Arid Zone
Flash floods are common hydrologic phenomena in the arid north west India. Drainage basins of high relief, a large percentage of surficial bed rock, sparse vegetation, and shallow soils...

Use of Reclaimed Water in Cooling Towers
The Mobil Oil Torrance Refinery is a modem fuels refinery in Los Angeles County. Like all crude oil refineries, it requires a reliable supply of water for process cooling, steam generation,...

 

 

 

 

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