Climate Warming and Great Lakes Management
A decision-analysis approach to determining the relevance of information on climate change for near-term Great Lakes management decisions is outlined. Simplified applications to decisions...

Behavioral, Social, and Institutional Aspects of Risk Analysis
The paper summarizes the third session of the conference which discussed four items that become pitfalls for decision makers when neglected. These are parameter uncertainties as distinct...

Evaluation and Management of Non-Point Source Pollutants in the Lake Tahoe Watershed
Lake Tahoe, California-Nevada, one of the most oligotrophic lakes in the world, is experiencing decreased water clarity and increased periphyton growth, and water supplies drawing from...

Interactive Models for the Regulation of Lake Ontario
Extensive studies are underway to improve the regulation of Lake Ontario. These studies not only involve the inclusion of factors and interest groups not previously considered, but also...

Lake Michigan Diversion at Chicago
Water has been diverted from Lake Michigan to the Mississippi River basin beginning with the construction of the Illinois and Michigan Canal in 1848 to serve navigation needs. During the...

Benefits of Hazard Mitigation Planning to Reduce Shoreline Impacts Due to Great Lakes Water Level Management Fluctuations and Severe Storms
Recent experience with flood hazard mitigation planning that encompassed aspects of pre-disaster preparedness and recovery operations have proven to be an effective tool in geographic...

The Regulation of Lake Ontario During the Spring of 1993; a Period of Record Supplies
A wet summer in 1992 and record water supplies to Lake Ontario during early 1993 resulted in very high levels on the lake. Actions by the International St. Lawrence River Board of Control...

The Great Lakes Forecasting System: An Overview
The Great Lakes Forecasting System is a full three-dimensional model-based system designed to make regularly scheduled predictions of the physical status of each of the Great Lakes. Due...

Daily Procedure for GLFS Nowcasts
The Great Lakes Forecasting System (GLFS) is an integrated system involving three levels of computational power for making predictions. GLFS consists of three-dimensional numerical circulation...

GLFSVIEW - GLFS Product Viewing Application
GLFSVIEW is a menu-driven Visual Basic application running under MicroSoft Windows. This application allows quick downloading, browsing, printing and display of two-dimensional data maps...

Impact of GOES Data on Surface Heat Flux Predictions
Surface heat flux is the required input for the Great Lakes Forecasting System (GLFS) in order to predict three dimensional temperature structure of the Great Lakes. Since the flux is...

Spectral and Parametric Wave Models of Lake Erie
The GLERL-Donelan parametric wave model and the SHALWV spectral wave model are presently being used as modules of the Great Lakes Forecasting System in order to determine which best fits...

A Nearshore Model for Cleveland CSO Remediation Design Selection
Three models were combined to analyze the fate of Combined Sewer Overflows (CSOs) in the Cleveland, Ohio area. Firstly, a 20 year hindcast of Lake Erie was used to find design storms by...

Short-Term Forecasts for Lake Erie
Short-term forecasts for Lake Erie were generated by coupling a mesoscale atmospheric prediction system with a lake forecast system. The modeling systems used were The Pennsylvania State...

Third Lake Watershed Assessment and Action Plan
Third Lake, located in Lake County, Illinois, is expected to exhibit worsening inlake water quality as development occurs within its watershed. A geographic information system (GIS) application...

Fish Entrainment and Strategies for Diversion
Hydroelectric power projects often impound reservoirs which contain important recreational fisheries. The entrainment of fish through these facilities and the possible associated entrainment...

Verification of Lake Superior Outflow Equations
The outflow from Lake Superior, the largest volume freshwater lake in the world, is regulated by the International Lake Superior Board of Control in accordance with the Treaty of 1909...

A Wind Driven Lake Circulation Finite Element Model for the Upper St. Marys River
The hydrodynamics of the Upper St. Marys River is simulated by a three dimensional steady state finite element model. The rigid lid and hydrostatic pressure assumptions are used in the...

Sedimentation and Remediation Aspects of Recreation Lakes
Relatively higher rates of silting in Lake Shafer, Indiana during the past few years have been a matter of concern to its owners, operators, and users. Potential causes for observed increases...

Design and Testing of Two Ice-Preserving Winter Lake Aeration Systems
As part of an effort to achieve ice-preserving lake aeration for winterkill prevention, two non-mixing lake aeration systems were designed and field tested. Each creates a fish refuge...

 

 

 

 

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