Artificial Ice Islands for Deep Water and Production Structures
The need for an island to survive the summer melt season is introduced. To account for surface melting and erosion from waves and currents during this season, the island's...

Iceberg Impact Load on a Gravity Based Structure
The mechanics of the eccentric collision of an iceberg against a fixed, rigid, gravity based structure are discussed. A closed form solution is derived for the case of infinite friction...

Stabilization of a Permafrost Subsidence in the Airport Runway at Bethel Alaska
During the construction of the extension to the Bethel Airport runway in 1969, it was necessary to construct a fill across a small gully. The subbase material in the gully contained some...

Design and Monitoring of an Ice Drill Pad
An ice pad was sucessfully designed and built to provide a suitable foundation for an exploratory drill rig in the National Petroleum Reserve of Alaska in early 1985. Design considerations...

Ice Cover Research—Present State and Future Needs
Presentation reviews, at first, a number of problem areas in ice engineering, such as the determination of vertical and horizontal forces floating ice covers exert on fixed structures,...

Massive Ice Detection by Earth Resistivity
This paper presents two case histories utilizing remote sensing earth resistivity equipment to target subsurface massive ice locations. In one case, a number of probe locations were made...

Permafrost: A Suitable Landfill Containment Barrier
Ice-rich permafrost is a suitable medium for the containment of wastes. The combination of frigid dry Arctic climate and the impermeability of ice-cemented permanently frozen ground can...

Effluent Dispersion Measurements Under Sea Ice
Field measurements of the dispersion of effluent from the Seawater Treatment Plant (STP) at Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, were made during April 1985. The primary objective was to determine whether...

The Transport of Crude Oil Under Saline Ice
A mathematical model was developed to describe the forces acting on an oil slick under saline ice in the presence of a water current. The model was verified through a set of laboratory...

Wave Forces on an Arctic Monotower Platform
At offshore lease sites located along the western coast of Alaska, longer periods of open water can be expected. As a result, wave induced hydrodynamic loading will become a more significant...

Upper Delaware River Ice Control—A Case Study
During February 1981 a castastrophic breakup ice jam occurred along a reach of the Delaware River near Port Jervis, NY, causing 14. 5 million in damages. In February 1982 another breakup...

Pipeline Frost Heave Predictions Using a 2-D Thermal Model
Chilled structures founded on initially unfrozen soils cause a zone or 'bulb' of frost to develop with time. This time period may be of seasonal duration, as...

Ice Forces on Bridge Piers
The force that river ice exerts on bridge piers has been studied in the field and with models in the laboratory. Ice forces are a function of the strength, thickness, failure mode and...

Systematic Design of Marinas for Ice Condtions
A systematic approach and recommendations are presented for design engineers use in planning and building safe docks and marinas, and in reducing the expense of damages which ice causes....

Drilling Unit Approval and Sea Ice, Alaska OCS
This paper describes types of ice conditions that have been, or could be, encountered while conducting Alaska Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) operations. The types of ice monitoring programs,...

Hot Sand for Improved Traction on Icy Roads
Experiments were performed to determine if heating sand prior to spreading it on icy roads would improve the skid resistance of the road more than cold sanding. Tests were made on a full-scale...

Frazil Ice Problems in Intakes at Montreal
Intakes located in reaches of the St. Lawrence River that stay open all winter can be subjected to frazil ice formation for nearly three months. The City of Montreal intake is a key example...

A Contractor Looks at Slope Protection for Arctic Offshore Artificial Islands
Some thirty artificial gravel islands for oil and gas drilling/production have been built in the Beaufort Sea since early 70's. Protection of slopes of the islands and causeways...

Influence of Artificial Island Side-Slopes on Ice Ride-Up and Pile-Up
An artificial island slope protection scheme must be able to inhibit ice ride-up and pile-up in order to minimize operational interruptions. The prediction of ice ride-up and pile-up mechanisms...

The Estimation of Ice Loads From Caisson Deformations Gulf Canada Molikpaq
The Gulf Canada Resources Mobile Arctic Caisson 'Molikpaq' is a bottom founded steel exploration platform capable of year-round operation in the Beaufort Sea....

 

 

 

 

Return to search