Architectural Integration of APM Systems at Leonardo Da Vinci International Airport
Leonardo da Vinci International Airport is a major airport located near Rome at Fiumicino, Italy. This location has made it a popular destination for terminating flights, as well as a...

Applying Lessons from Extreme Environments to Solve Problems on Earth and in Space
Extreme environments on Earth and in space test human abilities to adapt, survive and undertake difficult and often dangerous tasks. Hardships and challenges posed by such environments...

Construction Challenges on Planetary Surfaces
In July 1989 those who advocate a vigorous U.S. space program received a significant boost from the President's declaration that we should return to the Moon, this time to stay, and then...

Lunar Resource Base
A lunar base that exploits local resources to enhance the productivity of a total SEI scenario is discussed. The goals were to emphasize lunar science and to land men on Mars in 2016 using...

Lunar Liquid Oxygen Production Facilities
Production of oxygen beyond Earth's gravity well has been shown to be an economic asset for interplanetary travel using chemical combustion propulsion. Requirements for lunar liquid oxygen...

On-Orbit Assembly and Refurbishment of Lunar Transfer Vehicles
Initial flights of space-based manned lunar transfer vehicles (LTV) will require some on-orbit assembly and checkout due to mass and volume limitations of the Earth-to-orbit (ETO) launcher....

The Initial Exploration of Mars: Rationale for a Return Mission to Chryse Planitia and the Viking 1 Lander
The concepts behind planning a landing site on Mars are discussed. Based on the engineering constraints and the scientific objectives which will likely be imposed on the first few missions...

Architectures for Mission Control at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory
One of the most vital, but often overlooked, research areas for space missions is flight operations. The imbalance is caused by many factors. Among them, the manner in which space missions...

Characterization of Emplacement Strategies for Lunar and Mars Missions
In planning missions to the Moon and Mars, a significant activity will be the delivery of the crew and necessary equipment to the planet surface to enable the mission objectives. Because...

Space Station & Lunar/Mars Life Support Research
The first part of this paper will report on the tests now being conducted by the Environmental Control and Life Suport Systems (ECLSS) at Marshall Space Flight Center. The findings of...

The Proposed NASA Lunar-Based Astronomical Observatories
The goals of the Space Exploration Initiative are a manned return to the Moon, a permanent lunar outpost and then a manned expedition to Mars. This presents an opportunity to construct...

System Concepts for a Series of Lunar Optical Telescopes
The Lunar Telescope Working Group of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), NASA, has conducted conceptual studies of an evolutionary family of UV/optical/IR telescopes to be based on...

Developing Technologies for Lunar-Based Astronomy
The Moon is probably the best place in the inner solar system to locate a new generation of astronomical observatories. The thrust of space program planning is toward a return to the Moon...

An Analysis of Human Performance in Simulated Partial-Gravity Environments
Three unique partial gravity test environments; parabolic flight, water immersion and a mechanical-relief device provide the environment to evaluate human locomotion, reach sweeps, and...

The German Participation in the Soviet MARS 94/96 Mission
The German contribution to the science program of the Soviet MARS 94/96 missions includes 14 experiments or experiment, participations to be placed on the various mission elements: the...

The New Munich Airport—Planning, Construction and Opening of a New International Turnstile Airport in Europe
The new Munich airport that began operations just recently dates back to the mid-1950. The paper discusses the general expansion plan which includes site selection; runway system planning;...

Tethers and Their Role in the Space Exploration Initiative
This paper addresses some potential applications for tethers in space, and describes a mission designed to deploy a satellite from a Delta II launch vehicle, by NASA's Small Expendable...

In-Flight Calibration of Mass Spectrometer
A new device for in-flight calibration of mass spectrometer is presented. At a ground station command the calibrator introduces a constant and reproducible amount of deuterium into the...

Privatization Takes Flight
The number of air travelers in the U.S. is projected to double by early in the next century. Delays have also been mounting rapidly. Major airports around the world are facing the same...

Oceanographic Earth Observations by Space Shuttle Astronauts
Thirty years of manned space flights have produced over 100,000 photographs of the Earth. Many of these photographs describe various coastal processes and oceanographic phenomena at a...

 

 

 

 

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