New Way Out
An obsolete and hazardous ventilation/emergency-exit shaft on the banks of the Hudson River has been replaced with a deep, dual-shaft system that connects to a 100-year-old train tunnel...

Fire Testing of Shotcrete Samples in a Small Furnace
The fire resistance behaviour of 8 shotcrete samples were investigated in a laboratory furnace applying ISO 834 standard test. Shotcrete was applied on 20 to 30 cm thick granite slabs...

Steel Fiber Reinforced Shotcrete—For Rock Support and Fire Protection
Rapid development in concrete technology and development of equipment has led to a change from dry hand-operated to wet robot shotcreting in Norway. Shotcrete of more than 100 MPa cube...

Fire Retardant Treated Wood
The paper explains how FRTW chemicals react with combustible gases. It describes the two types into which FRTW is divided. Misconceptions about FRTW are also addressed....

Fire Endurance Model for a Metal-Plate-Connected Wood Truss
A numerical model has been developed for predicting the fire endurance of a single metal-plate-connected wood truss. Extensive component fire testing was conducted to develop the necessary...

The Effective Use of Fire Ratings
Any consideration of components for construction must take into account the performance of those components when they are exposed to fire. Codes, standards, and fire ratings provide some...

New Views for Modeling Dynamic Response of URM Buildings
Various computational models are used to depict seismic response of an unreinforced masonry building that was subjected to the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake. The worthiness of various analytical...

Smoke Plumes From In Situ Burning of Oil Spills
Mesoscale pool fire experiments with effective diameters up to 17.2 m were conducted to obtain data on the characteristics of burning crude oil on water. These experiments showed that...

Regulatory Obstacles to Emergency Response, A Case Study of the Paint Fire, June 1990, Santa Barbara, California
After the Paint Fire of 1990, the Santa Barbara County Flood Control and Water Conservation District took several measures to prevent damage due to mudslides and floods from the burned...

Slim-Floor Beams: Design Criteria and Structural Behaviour
Partially concrete-encased steel beams are mostly employed due to their natural resistance to fire, but there may also be other reasons, e.g. to obtain smaller depths of construction....

Thermal Shielding in Continuous Span Composite Slabs
The increasing popularity in Europe of composite slabs with cold-formed steel decking has underscored the need to improve calculation rules for the fire resistance. Existing rules have...

A Simple Finnish Method for the Structural Fire Design of Composite Structures
The structural fire design of composite structures in Finland has previously been based on furnace tests, which are expensive and take too much time to arrange. With the increasing prominence...

Comparison of Simple Calculation Methods for the Fire Design of Composite Columns and Beams
There is a need for approximate calculation methods to do the fire design of composite structures. Several of such methods for composite beams and columns have been compared to find out...

Assessment and Repair of Fire-Damaged Concrete Structures
Concrete, even though it may be the most fire-resistant of all the major building materials, can be damaged by fire. Seldom does even a major fire cause total destruction, however, most...

Structural Fire Resistance Design of Wood Beams and Columns: A Comparison of European and North American Practices
North American and Eurocode design methods for fire-resistive exposed wood members provide a very good example of the translation of research into practical engineering design procedures....

Twenty-First Century Timber Engineering
Timber engineering is moving into the 21st Century faced with challenges in technology, governmental mandates and environmental concerns. Engineers are continuously being challenged in...

Microbiologically Induced Corrosion
Researchers investigating a building whose columns bled a colorless liquid found that the building was under attack by microorganisms. A community of bacteria had contaminated the fireproofing...

Risk Perception and Policy Preferences of Fire Chiefs: A Survey of Hazardous Materials Issues
This paper presents the results of a survey of Connecticut fire chiefs and discusses how their perceptions of risk affect their attitudes towards risk preparedness and risk management...

Radical Environmentalism, The New Approach: The Removal of Oil as a Primary Goal of Oil Spill Clean Up
In this paper the author examines the alternative methods of abating a catastrophic oil spill and compares these methods to the controlled burning of an oil spill using a fire-resistant...

Sediments and Quaternary Study of the Coastal Lagoon of Unare (Venezuela)
The coastal Lagoon of Unare is located in the N.E. of Venezuela (62° 12' - 65° 25' W/10° 04' - 10° 08' N), it is 26 km long and 6 km...

 

 

 

 

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