Optimal Location of Active Controllers Subjected to Seismic Excitation
In the application of structural control to seismic structures certain locations are advantageous for placement of the actuators. These locations reduce the structure's response...

A Family of Concurrent Algorithms for Transient Finite Element Solutions
We derive a family of methods for solving the equations of motion arising in structural dynamics which makes effective use of the architecture of concurrent computers. The algorithm is...

Analysis for the Seismic Response of Liquid Containers
An analytical model is presented for the nonlinear response of fluid containers whose bottom may separate from and lift off their foundation, during base excitation. First, the hydrodynamic...

Pile Foundation Construction Practice in Stiff Clays with Dense Granular Layers
A survey was conducted recently in conjunction with a project located in the San Francisco Bay Area to ascertain the general pile driving practice in stiff overconsolidated clays interbedded...

Potential Flow Over a Wavy Bed: A Persistent Error
The standard small-amplitude theory of potential flow over a wavy bed is briefly discussed, together with the three special values of the Froude Number which define four different flow...

Derivation of a Stability Principle from the Shields Criterion
The widely used specific energy equation, which defines the subcritical and supercritical states of the open channel flow, is a direct result of the integration of the Froude number corresponding...

A Method to Treat Incident Wave Condition in Shallow Water Equation
A method to consider open boundary condition of the shallow water equation to analyze water surface wave and tide is employed in the finite element anaysis. This can be done by considering...

Using Sediment-Threshold Theories in Waves and Currents
Fundamentally different threshold-of-motion theories were applied to sand transport in two different coastal environments. Several recommendations for threshold application were reached....

A Continuum Mechanics Approach to Loose-Bed Motion
A mathematical model is presented for simulation of loose-bed motion. The physical system is separated into two regions, a bottom region and an upper region. The bottom region is representative...

Critical Shear Stress of Armour Coat
The problem of the determination of the critical shear stress of the armour coat is important in sediment transport, river degradation and aggradation and flow discharge regulation. The...

Cellular Automaton Simulation of Viscous Free Surface Fluid Dynamics
It has been demonstrated elsewhere that the simple interaction of a two dimensional field of discrete particles traveling on a regular lattice yields large scale behavior closely approximating...

A Design Parameter Study of Turbine Draft Tube by Viscous Flow Analysis
Viscous flow analysis based on the full Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations is being applied to predict successfully turbulent flow characteristics and energy losses in different...

Turbine Casing and Distributor Hydraulic Design
Interactive casing and distributor hydraulic design and flow analysis software has been developed and tested. Until now, its application is limited to radial distributor turbo-machines....

Moments of Nonlinear Systems
In this paper the problem of writing the equations of moments of nonlinear systems excited by both external and parametric Gaussian white processes is re-examined. The classical K. Ito...

Stochastic Bifurcation of Nonlinear Parametric Systems
Parametrically excited systems with progressive restorings possess two different solutions: the trivial one and a stationary branching process. The second solution is physically existent...

Model-Prototype Study of Overland Flow
Similarity of overland flow hydrographs was investigated. Similarity ratios based on Froude number modeling were tested by using: 1) computed hydrographs by kinematic wave equations, 2)...

One-Dimensional Modeling of Dam-Break Flow
R.W. MacCormack method is used for the numerical integration of Saint Venant equations to simulate the propagation of one-dimensional dam-break wave. The computed water levels are compared...

Finite Element Modeling in Free-Surface Hydromechanics
A finite element semi-discrete approximation is applied to the conservation law form of the two-dimensional, depth-averaged free-surface Navier-Stokes equations governing incompressible...

A Numerical Solution Technique for Incompressible Flow
Presented is a numerical solution technique which employs the explicit predictor-corrector scheme of R.W. MacCormack in solving the governing two-dimensional equations of motion on a staggered...

Differential Gravitional Forces on Large Space Structures
Effects of the differential gravitational forces have been investigated simultaneously on the orbital motion, attitude motion, and axial deformation of a very large axially flexible space...