Experimental and Numerical Chaos in Continuous Systems: Two Case Studies
Motivated by recent numerical investigations according to which certain types of deep-water compliant offshore structures may experience undesirable chaotic motions, two types of experimental...

Response of Nonclassically Damped MDOF Systems to Nonstationary Random Excitation
A procedure for calculating the dynamic response of a nonclassically damped multi-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) system to nonstationary non-white vector-valued random excitation is developed...

Adequacy of Statistical Linearization for Nonlinear Degrading Structural Systems
An investigation is carried out to examine the validity of current practice in using statistical linearization method for nonlinear degrading structures subject to random ground acceleration....

Constitutive Relations for Large Deformation Plasticity
Influence of the choice of measures of stress and deformation upon the representation of constitutive relations for elasto-plastic solids undergoing finite deformation is discussed. The...

Modeling of Successive Impacts in Sand
The principal aspects of numerical modeling of successive, high energy impacts in sand are discussed in this paper. These include the numerical formulation used for solution of the equations...

In Situ Determination of Smith Soil Model Parameters for Wave Equation Analysis
A methodology for in situ determination of Smith soil model parameters for wave equation analysis is presented. The method uses a small-rod penetration test in conjunction with CAPWAPC...

Wave Equation Modelling of the SPT
The stress wave propagation in the Standard Penetration Test (SPT) is described in this paper. It is shown that the SPT is a complex dynamic system and that both force and motion measurements...

Reliability Analysis for Time of Travel in Compacted Soil Liners
Time of travel through compacted soil liners is difficult to predict because numerous factors confound the analysis. In this paper, the influence of spatial variability and uncertainty...

Mechanics of Cohesionless Sediment Transport in Coastal Waters
Conceptual mechanics-based models for sediment transport processes in steady and unsteady turbulent boundary layer flows are derived and discussed. To the extent possible the predictions...

A Numerical Model of Beach Profile Change Due to Random Waves
A numerical model was developed for random wave deformation and the resultant beach profile change. The model consisted of short-wave model based on parabolic equation, long-wave model...

Transformation of Random Breaking Waves and Its Empirical Numerical Modeling Considering Surf Beat
The free surface characteristics of random waves in the shoaling and surf zones on a beach of uniform slope were examined experimentally. The effect of incident wave grouping was found...

Short-Term Characteristics of Coastal Lagoon Entrances in California
Methods of predicting the frequency of lagoon opening conditions and the cross-sectional area of the inlet channel are reviewed. The potential variation from these empirical relations...

The Role of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Hydroturbine Analysis
Prospects of developing comprehensive methods of computational fluid dynamics for the analysis and design of new generation of hydroturbines are considered. Unique requirements for this...

Hydrodynamics and Mass Transfer on a Moving Drop of Water
The fluid dynamics and mass transfer associated with moving water drops are examined. In the first part, numerical solution of the transient hydrodynamics around and inside a drop falling...

Isotropic Fractionation During Air-Water Transfer of Oxygen and Nitrogen
We present empirical results that show the kinetic fractionation during gas exchange is 0.9972 ± .0002 for oxygen and 0.9987 ± .0001 for nitrogen. These values are larger than the solubility...

A Simple Empirical Model of Aeration at Navigation Dams
In a study of aeration at 28 dams in the upper Ohio River basin, site-specific least-squares linear regression models were used to describe the dissolved oxygen deficit below each dam...

Seismic Response of Buried Pipeline System in a Soil Liquefaction Environment
A project to study the general seismic response behavior of buried pipeline systems during a soil liquefaction process has been initiated at Old Dominion University. Pipeline systems could...

On Aseismic Hybrid Control System
One type of hybrid control system is proposed for protecting tall buildings subjected to strong earthquakes. The hybrid system consists of a base isolation system connected to either a...

Earthquake Energy Partitioning in Base Isolated and Dynamically Damped Structures
New earthquake energy spectra are proposed for practical design procedures using energy concepts. The spectra show integrated earthquake input energy of a unit mass with given natural...

Envelope Crossing Rate and First Passage Probability
Various definitions of the envelope of a random response process are discussed. The statistical properties of the random envelope process based on these definitions are then derived and...

 

 

 

 

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