Using the SedBed Monitor to Measure Bed Load
An acoustic distance measuring device (SedBed Monitor) was developed to accurately measure bed surface transects in a sediment and water recirculating flume. From these transects the rate...

Vertical Sorting Within Dune Structure
Sediment transport occurs in natural stream beds at least in part as bed load. These bed forms are typically classified as ripples or dunes depending on the bed morphology and flow conditions....

Experimental Study on Turbulent Structures in Unsteady Open-channel Flows
Turbulence measurements in unsteady open-channel flows over smooth beds were conducted accurately by the simultaneous use of two-component LDA system and water-wave gauges. In the inner...

Response of Velocity and Turbulence to Abrupt Changes from Smooth to Rough Beds in Open-channel Flows
Response of velocity distribution and turbulence characteristics to abrupt changes of bed roughness have been investigated experimentally with two-component laser Doppler anemometer (LDA)....

Visual Investigation of Field Bed-Load Sampling
An instrument for bed load sampling was developed consisting of an underwater video camera for visual observations. This instrument is called the Delft-Nile sampler and its design, efficiency...

Design and Operation of a System to Monitor Sediment Deposition for Protection of an Endangered Mussel
The USGS, in cooperation with the COE, has designed and installed a system to continuously monitor changes in elevation of the river bed over the mussel bed located downstream of the Olmsted...

Practical Method for Scour Prediction at Bridge Piers
A practical method is presented for prediction of local scour at bridge piers which is based on a comparison of many well known equations and supported by field data. This equation includes...

Effect of Pier Geometry on Scour in Graded Gravels
This paper summarizes the results of laboratory tests performed on clear water scour around circular and rectangular cross section bridge piers, embedded in a non-uniform coarse sediment...

Is Bedform Development Chaotic?
A qualitative analysis of a model for the partially specified bedform development system is presented. The study rests on the use of technique of loop analysis and the connection of the...

Monitoring and Modeling the Transport of Coarse Single Particles in Mountain Rivers
The dynamics of single cobbles was studied in the alpine river Lainbach using the Magnetic Tracer Technique (MATT) and radiotransmitters (PETSY = PEbble Transmitter SYstem). Our measurements...

An Alternative Equation for the Mean Velocity in Gravel-Bed Rivers and Mountain Torrents
Including new field data in the slope range of torrents up to 63%, an empirical equation is developed to express the mean flow velocity in terms of the flow rate, the slope and a characteristic...

At-A-Site Mountain River Flow Resistance Variation
At-a-site variation in flow resistance is examined in the light of observations of an S-shaped velocity profile at relative submergences (d/D84)...

Flow-Bed Interaction and Energy Loss in Torrents

An Analysis of Flow Velocity Profiles, Stream Bed Roughness, and Resistance to Flow in Natural Gravel Bed Streams
The characteristics of 82 flow velocity profiles were analyzed from nine different gravel bed stream reaches. A statistical test of the linearity of flow velocity profiles indicates that...

Bias in Regression Estimates of Manning's n
Selected equations for estimating roughness for gravel-bed streams were tested using a composite data set containing much of the data used to define the equations. All equations tested...

Bed Load Roughness in Supercritical Flow
A supercritical concrete channel has been proposed for Mission Creek located in Santa Barbara County, California. The proposed channel could transport gravels and cobbles as bed load during...

Fluvial Hydraulics of Streams and Mountain Rivers with Mobile Bed
The local hydraulic conditions concerning the incipient motion of the bed material in mountain streams are considered. Results of measurements carried out by using the radioisotope tracer...

Energy Losses in Steep Tributary Streams at Flows Near The Threshold of Bedload Entrainment
The flow patterns in mountain tributary streams that depends on the channel morphology, cobbles, boulders and debris that protrude along the channel and bank height cause energy losses...

Monitoring Gravel Movement Using Radio Transmitters
Radio transmitters were used to track the movement of coarse sediment particles in a mountain river during a period of high flow and high bed mobility. Transport was characterized by episodes...

Effects of Particle Shape on Bedload Transport
The effects of particle shape on bedload transport in gravel-bed streams are examined using a similarity approach and fractional transport analysis for data from Piceance Creek, Colorado,...

 

 

 

 

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