Global Network Optimization for Pavement Management
In a state-wide pavement management system, the highway network can be divided into a number of road categories based on traffic level and geographical region. Network optimization analysis...

Performance of Submerged Vanes for Control of Sediment in an Irrigation Canal
Removal of accumulated sediments from irrigation canals is necessary in order to maintain canal capacity. Removal of these sediments may be enhanced by directing and concentrating sediments...

Optimization of Reservoir Releases to Control River Sedimentation Using Differential Dynamic Programming
A new methodology is developed to address sedimentation control in alluvial rivers downstream of reservoirs. An optimization model is posed as a discrete-time optimal control problem to...

Evaluating Soil Moisture and Hydraulic Conductivity in Semi-Arid Rangeland Soils
The United States Department of Energy's Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (DOE-OCRWM) Fellowship Program supports various disciplines of academic research related to the...

Natural, Cultural, & Environmental Resource Values Influencing Colorado River Basin Management
The Colorado River Basin supplies water to the seven western states of Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, and California, and to Mexico. Originally the Colorado River...

GIS Reconstruction of Exposure to Water Supply Contaminants
Groundwater pollution resulting from improper waste handling practices in the aerospace industry contaminated the water supply in Tucson, Arizona. State and federal health officials concluded...

Assessment of TCE Concentration in South Tucson Water Network
This paper summarizes a study that estimated trichloroethylene (TCE) contamination patterns in a portion of the Tucson water distribution network due to several polluted wells. Aspects...

Small Area Water Demand Forecasting at the Salt River Project
The Salt River Project Small Area Water Demand Forecast (forecast) is designed to provide water resource planners with long-range water demand forecasts disaggregated by user type and...

Residential Water Conservation and Reuse Demonstration: Casa Del Agua and Desert House
Occupied single-family homes can provide factual data as well as create an active real-world setting for education of the public. The installation of water-efficient fixtures, rainwater...

The Evolution of Conservation Rates in Phoenix, Arizona
Conservation or increasing block rates first implemented in Phoenix, Arizona in 1982 were reexamined by a three year study involving Water Department staff, a Citizen Rates Committee and...

Projecting Customers Using a GIS Land Use Forecasting Model
The Salt River project originally developed the Land Use Forecasting Model to understand the pattern of urbanization of agricultural and desert land in metropolitan Phoenix. The model...

Hydrologic Runoff Models for the Arid Southwest United States
Recently, hydrologic study criteria manuals (or hydrology manuals) were prepared for the arid southwest regions of Clark County (Las Vegas vicinity, Nevada), Maricopa County (Phoenix vicinity,...

Lag Relations for Semi-Arid Regions and Urban Areas
The use of synthetic unit hydrographs often requires the estimation of lag or other travel time parameters. Several procedures are available for estimating such unit hydrograph parameters....

Hydraulic Modeling of Alluvial Plains (Slopes) and Alluvial Fans Using DAMBRK
The design of hydraulic structures such as bridges on distributary flow areas and alluvial fans require methods that can adequately determine discharges at the structures. Flow conditions...

Acidity and Chemistry of Arizona's Snowpacks
Acid snow, the frozen version of the acid rain phenomena, has been sampled in several western states, e.g., California, Nevada, Montana, and Oregon. Measurements of snowpack acidity in...

Chaos Characteristics of Tree-Ring Series
Thirteen tree-ring series from the Salt and Verde River basins in Arizona are studied to distinguish between chaos and randomness. A chaotic moving average model that represents the time...

Characterization of Thunderstorm Rainfall for Hydrologic Modeling
Rainfall and runoff records for 30 events from a 630-hectare subwatershed on the USDA-ARS Walnut Gulch Experimental Watershed in southeastern Arizona were used to estimate the desirable...

Analysis of Spatial and Temporal Precipitation Data Over a Densely Gaged Experimental Watershed
Historical precipitation data from the densely gaged Walnut Gulch Experimental Watershed in southeastern Arizona are used to quantify watershed-scale properties of precipitation. Daily,...

Evaluating and Guiding Weather Modification Efforts with Advanced Three-Dimensional Numerical Models
Several recent developments have expanded our capabilities to understand and document precipitation processes. One of these developments is the recent advances in computer hardware and...

An Irrigation Allocation Planning Model
An irrigation allocation model using multiperiod linear programming was developed to recommend canal water allocation among different irrigated fields to maximize net annual benefits for...

 

 

 

 

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