Harvest of Ephemeral Runoff for Artificial Groundwater Recharge in Arid Basin Water Management
Harvest of springtime flow to a playa in Lemmon Valley, north of Reno, was evaluated as a means of increasing local groundwater supplies through artificial recharge. Surface water and...

Water Budget Analysis for Semi-Arid Alluvial Basins
In developing arid basins in the southwestern United States, the availability of suitable water supplies is of critical importance. Scarcity of dependable, perennial streams and rivers...

Alignment of Large Flood-Peaks on Arid Watersheds
Bridge and culvert design requires estimates for 25- to 100-year return period flood peaks (Q). Floodplain delineation calls for 500-year (Q500) estimates. Arid western flood series are...

Regional Flood-Frequency Relations for Streams with Many Years of No Flow
In the southwestern United States, flood-frequency relations for streams that drain small arid basins are difficult to estimate, largely because of the extreme temporal and spatial variability...

Rainfall-Sampling Impacts on Runoff
The sensitivity of computed peak-runoff rates to rainfall-sampling frequency over three semiarid watersheds in southeastern Arizona of increasing size is investigated using the methodology...

Precipitation on Arid or Semi-Arid Regions of the Southwestern United States: Research Needs from a Consultant's Perspective
In terms of both instantaneous flow peaks and total runoff volumes, a key element in the quantification of stormwater runoff from arid and semi-arid regions of the southwestern United...

Multiple Phenomena of Debris-Flow Processes: A Challenge for Hazard Assessments
Hazardous hydraulic processes associated with arid environments commonly repesent significant risks to the safety of the public. However, the public generally considers these risks to...

Design Cloudburst and Flash Flood Methodology for the Western Mojave Desert, California
A methodology was required for estimating flow in ungaged drainages. An analysis of floods in the western Mojave Desert showed that the largest events on basins below 1,500 meters MSL...

Temporal Characteristics of Aridland Rainfall Events
Rainfall intensity data are required to drive infiltration-based runoff models. Because data are sparse and cumbersome, a model to generate reasonable sequences of data is needed. Studying...

Geomorphology and Sedimentology of a Valley Fan, Southern Utah
Sink Valley, located in semi-arid west-central Kane County, Utah, lies on an erosional surface of Cretaceous age Tropic Shale. The valley contains an example of a previously undocumented...

Runoff and Erosional Processes in an Arid Watershed
This paper reports the results of geomorphic, hydrologic, and hydraulic analyses that integrated a physical process computer model of rainfall/runoff processes with a geomorphic process/response...

Land Use Change and Soil Erosion Hazard in the Zambezi Basin
An experimental model for estimating soil erosion hazard in southern Africa (SLEMSA) was linked to a raster based Geographical Information System. Soil erosion hazard maps were constructed...

Water Quality Study in an Arid Region Lake: Lake Bosten, Northwest China
This paper gives a brief description of Lake Bosten, its importance to Xinjiang Province of the PRC, objectives of an on-going study, and some preliminary results. This on-going study...

Arid Zone Hydrologic Implications for the Proposed Yucca Mountain Repository
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has chosen Yucca Mountain, Nevada for characterization to determine if it is suitable to become the Nation's first High-Level Radioactive...

Graphics Advances Aid Flood Engineers
In the last decade options have been suggested to the Log-Pearson III (LP3) computation for predicting design flood behavior in semi-arid conditions. Observations from an ongoing study...

The Sorry State of Flood Hydrology in the Arid Southwest
Flood hydrology for urban areas of the arid and semiarid Southwest is in a sorry state. It is based in large part on precomputer manual methods. The state-of-the-art should move into the...

Stochastic Modeling of Monthly Flows in Streams of Arid Regions
A new stochastic model is presented herein which is applicable to simulating monthly flows of streams in arid regions. The model enables one to reproduce the percentage of zero flows in...

A Reservoir Yield Evaluation in an Arid Climate
Yield calculations rarely can be more accurate than roughly plus or minus twenty percent. The same uncertainty is dramatically greater in arid climates where the average annual runoff...

Complex Geomorphic Response to Minor Climate Changes, San Diego County, CA
Precipitation in San Diego County, California over the past several hundred years has been characterized by excursions between periods of relatively low precipitation having durations...

Integration of GIS, Remote Sensing, and Digital Elevation Data for a Hydrologic Model
The Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution Model (AGNPS), which was developed by Agricultural Research Service, was used as a test model for assessing nonpoint source pollution. The model...

 

 

 

 

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