Offshore Oil and Gas NPDES Permits: Creative Solutions—Three Case Studies
The U. S. EPA has responsibility under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to maintain and enhance the quality of the Nation's waters. Section 402 of the CWA authorizes EPA to issue...

The Cost of Regulatory Concerns Associated with Petroleum Development in the Arctic
During the late 1970's and early 1980's, petroleum resources were developed in the central Alaskan arctic coastal zone. Governmental agencies mandated to protect...

The Benefit of Utilizing Case Specific Modelling and Data to Determine Effluent Limitations
This abstract refers to the results of a normal conservative approach to a more realistic, substantiated approach to determining effluent limitations. The new approach was used to establish...

Development of a Coastal Oil Spill Model
An integrated coastal oil spill model (designated 'SMEAR') is being developed for Minerals Management Service, Alaska, with broad application to all coastal environments....

Air Chamber Surge Tanks in High Head Hydro Plants
The U. S. Army Corps of Engineers Alaska District considered an air chamber during the design of the 'Crater Lake phase of the Snettisham Project near Juneau, Alaska. A conventional...

Computational Modeling of Sediment Transport in Kachemak Bay
The tide-generated flow circulation in the Kachemak Bay of Alaska was simulated numerically using the Multi-Leveled Finite Element Model originally developed by Kawahara of Japan and recently...

The Pelican, Alaska Hydroelectric Station
In August 1983 Pelican Cold Storage directed KPL to install a new 600 kW turbine, synchronous generator, controls and penstock transition section. This new equipment was to fit upon the...

Economic Evaluation of Alternative Electric Power Developments
A hydroelectric-dominated power system and a thermal-dominated system represent different ways of meeting total electric demand, but with materially different cash flow patterns. This...

Need for Power Analysis: The Technical, Economic, and Financial Interrelationships
The Susitna Hydroelectric Project is one of the largest hydroelectric projects to be brought before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) by an applicant seeking the issuance...

Design of the Tunnel System for the Terror Lake Hydroelectric Project
The Terror Lake Hydroelectric Project, Kodiak, Alaska, contains a 5-mile-long (8. 1 Km) power tunnel with supplementary stream diversions entering it by two shafts along its alignment....

Simulation of River Ice Processes on Alaska's Susitna River
A numerical river ice model is applied to an 85-mile reach of Alaska's Susitna River immediately downstream of the proposed Susitna Hydroelectric Project. The model is designed...

Costs of Truck Related Highway Damage to Alaska
The cost of pavement damage to the State of Alaska for truck traffic continues to be a very controversial topic. There is no simple answer since this cost is dependent upon pavement strength,...

Drilling Unit Approval and Sea Ice, Alaska OCS
This paper describes types of ice conditions that have been, or could be, encountered while conducting Alaska Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) operations. The types of ice monitoring programs,...

Building Foundation on Thawed Soil and Permafrost
The site of a planned 10,000 square foot State Youth Facility in Bethel, Alaska was found to be underlain by discontinuous permafrost. This paper describes the geophysical and geotechnical...

Stabilization of a Permafrost Subsidence in the Airport Runway at Bethel Alaska
During the construction of the extension to the Bethel Airport runway in 1969, it was necessary to construct a fill across a small gully. The subbase material in the gully contained some...

Design and Monitoring of an Ice Drill Pad
An ice pad was sucessfully designed and built to provide a suitable foundation for an exploratory drill rig in the National Petroleum Reserve of Alaska in early 1985. Design considerations...

Ground Temperature Monitoring Cominco's Red Dog Project
Procedures are available in the literature for estimating subsurface thermal characteristics of foundation soils in cold regions using published climatic characteristics for a given area....

Design Evaluations in Support of Offshore Facilities and Gravel Islands in the Arctic
Development of oil resources in Northern Alaska has involved the design of nearshore and offshore facilities and structures in the Beaufort Sea and Prudhoe Bay in water depths ranging...

Design of Modular Structures for the Arctic
Sohio's efforts to continue the production and initial processing oil from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska requires additional production enhancement equipment on the Alaskan North Slope...

Lessons Learned From Examination of Membrane Roofs in Alaska
During 1984 and 1985 airborne infrared roof moisture surveys were conducted of membrane roofs at Army installations in Alaska. Many of these roofs were also visually inspected and cored...

 

 

 

 

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