Innovations in Geosynthetic Rolled Erosion Control Products: From Forests to Fibers

by Jennifer L. Smith, P.E., Ph.D., (M.ASCE), Assistant Professor; Department of Sustainable Construction Management and Engineering, State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY,,
Shobha K. Bhatia, Ph.D., (M.ASCE), Meredith Professor; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY,,

Serial Information: Geo-Strata —Geo Institute of ASCE, 2015, Vol. 19, Issue 5, Pg. 56-60

Document Type: Feature article


Over the last 50 years, many different types of geosynthetic rolled erosion control products (RECPs) have emerged, ranging from different structure types to different fiber types. Natural-fiber RECPs were developed to provide temporary protection to bare soils and assist in the growth and establishment of vegetation. Synthetic-fiber RECPs were developed to provide long-term protection in applications where longevity and relatively high tensile strengths were required. Because of their versatility, ease of installation, relatively low cost, and effectiveness in addressing soil erosion problems, RECPs have been used extensively around the world. In 2004, it was estimated that 59 million m� (Mm�) of RECPs were employed worldwide, with 42 percent used in North America, 34 percent in Europe, 15 percent in Asia and the Pacific, and 9 percent elsewhere. In each region, natural-fiber RECPs made up approximately 55 to 60 percent of the total RECPs used.

Subject Headings: Fibers | Erosion | Tensile strength | Structural control | Material mechanics | Geosynthetics | Vegetation


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