The Deep (Available in Geo-Environmental Special Issue only)

by Earl Seck, Piling Consultant; Contech Construction Products, Inc., Deerfield Beach, FL,

Serial Information: Civil Engineering—ASCE, 1998, Vol. 68, Issue 10, Pg. 6A-10A

Document Type: Feature article


Despite a mere 1,500 ft separation, Baltimore's Oriole Park at Camden Yards and Ravens Stadium required vastly different deep foundation solutions. While Oriole Park is founded on bedrock at an average depth of 50 feet, borings for the Ravens Stadium revealed inconsistent bedrock depths ranging from approximately 85 feet to 120 feet. A geologic fault caused the difference between the two stadium sites. The different foundations required for the two sites emphasize the need for thorough soil investigation and analysis. The project's test pile program also revealed substantial functional and economic difference between several types of piling systems.

Subject Headings: Stadiums and sport facilities | Soil analysis | Site investigation | Pile tests | Deep foundations | Bedrock | Project management

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