A Framework for Sanitation and Health Risk Assessment

by Charles G. Gunnerson, (F.ASCE),

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: North American Water and Environment Congress & Destructive Water


This paper summarizes some historical, cultural, and operational responses to risk. Zero risk and zero pollution ideas developed as arguably escapist reactions to stresses of economic, political, and environmental development. In the water sector, sanitation and health are linked by individual and corporate responses to infections that come from contact with polluted water. This paper proceeds from the American experience to its applicability in other countries and cultures in transferring information and technology in an increasingly interdependent and transparent world.

Subject Headings: Health hazards | Water pollution | Public health and safety | Pollution | Economic factors | Political factors | Diseases | Information Technology (IT) | United States

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