Costs of Treatment for Wastewater Reclamation and Disposal: A Preliminary Assessment

by Pamela Doughman,
Stephen Lyon,
Lydia Chiu,
Charles Gunnerson,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: North American Water and Environment Congress & Destructive Water


Our objective is to estimate the marginal costs of different degrees of water reclamation treatment (primary, secondary, and tertiary), using the Los Angeles County Sanitation District (LACSD) as a case study. This study includes capital costs as well as operation and maintenance costs to test the model developed by Shuval et al (1981). This study also determines the price which should be charged if the sale of reclaimed water is to pay for wastewater treatment in LACSD.

Subject Headings: Water reclamation | Water treatment | Benefit cost ratios | Case studies | Wastewater treatment | Wastewater management | Waste management | California | United States | Los Angeles

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