Water Resources Investigation Along Salt River in Phoenix and Tempe Area

by James Chieh,
Jody Fischer,
Dennis Marfice,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: North American Water and Environment Congress & Destructive Water


The Salt River originates in the White Mountains of eastern Arizona and drains westward through the Phoenix metropolitan area to its confluence with the Gila River approximately 15 miles west of downtown Phoenix. Salt River flows have sustained agriculture in the Salt River Valley since at least 300 AD. European settlers arrived and began farming in the Phoenix and surrounding area in the 1800s. Since then a series of dams have been constructed on the Salt and tributary Verde River, and the metropolitan area has grown to approximately 2.2 million people. The damming of the river has provided a reliable water supply to the cities and local agriculture, but at a cost of virtually eliminating all but flood-related flows on the river through the study area.

Subject Headings: Water resources | Salt water | Rivers and streams | Urban areas | Salts | River flow | Agriculture | Dams | Arizona | United States | Phoenix

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