Hazardous Soil Remediation: A Cooperative Effort between Industry and Government

by Wendy L. Cohen,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: North American Water and Environment Congress & Destructive Water


E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company's Antioch Works (Dupont) is on the San Joaquin River 30 miles east of San Francisco, California. For about 25 years, ending in 1981, Dupont manufactured tetraethyl lead (TEL) which was used as an antiknock gasoline additive. The federal government had mandated that lead content in gasoline be reduced stepwise from the mid-1970s to the mid-1980s. The normal production rate at the Antioch Works was eight million pounds of TEL per month, but this was scaled back and ended completely in August 1981. TEL is a powerful toxin which can cause neurologic and kidney damage not only by inhalation but also by absorption through the skin.

Subject Headings: Non-renewable energy | Gasoline | Wastewater management | Soil treatment | Mitigation and remediation | Federal government | Disasters and hazards | California | United States

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