Specifying End Results

by John J. Emery, President, Consulting Engineer; John Emery Geotechnical Engineering Limited, 1, 109 Woodbine Downs Boulevard, Etabicoke, Ontario M9W 6Y1 Canada,

Serial Information: Civil Engineering—ASCE, 1995, Vol. 65, Issue 8, Pg. 60-61

Document Type: Feature article


Quality of materials and workmanship directly influences the life of pavement, maintenance costs, levels of service and user costs. End result specifications (ERS) make a step towards true performance specifications by promoting the concepts of quality through quality control, quality assurance and statistical quality assurance. These, plus sampling and testing requirements, are incorporated into the ERS.

Subject Headings: Quality control | Benefit cost ratios | Statistics | Pavements | Maintenance and operation | Construction materials

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