Coherent Structures in Compound Open-Channel Flows by Making Use of Particle-Tracking Visualization Technique

by Iehisa Nezu, (M.ASCE), Kyoto Univ, Kyoto, Japan,
Hiroji Nakagawa, Kyoto Univ, Kyoto, Japan,
Ken-ichi Saeki, Kyoto Univ, Kyoto, Japan,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Fundamentals and Advancements in Hydraulic Measurements and Experimentation


In this study, images of very small 100 μm diameter particles uniformly suspended in compound open-channel flows were recorded on an optic disc using a high-sensitive CCD camera and 2W Argon-ion laser slit illumination techniques. Instantaneous velocities at each point in the laser slit plane were measured from these continuous four images of one particle. This new technique called the 'Particle-Image Velocimetry (PIV)' seems to be very powerful to investigate space-time correlation structures of coherent vortices of turbulence using the conditional sampling method of quadrant motions of velocity components because simultaneous velocity components can be obtained at all grid points of arbitrary section plane of water flows.

Subject Headings: Flow visualization | Open channel flow | Particle velocity | Suspended structures | Particles | Open channels | Flow measurement | Fluid flow

Services: Buy this book/Buy this article


Return to search