Numerical Modeling of Bridge Approach Settlement with Foundation-Embankment Interaction

by Musharraf Zaman, (M.ASCE), Univ of Oklahoma, Norman, United States,
Dinesh Bhat, (S.M.ASCE), Univ of Oklahoma, Norman, United States,
Joakim Laguros, (F.ASCE), Univ of Oklahoma, Norman, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Vertical and Horizontal Deformations of Foundations and Embankments


Bridge approach settlement is one of the major problems facing the transportation agencies responsible for road construction and maintenance in the United States and in many other countries of the world. Consolidation settlement of clayey foundation soils caused by embankment construction and the settlement of embankment itself due to its own weight and vehicular traffic load are few major contributors to resulting differential settlement between the bridge approach and the bridge abutment. This paper presents a public domain interactive software developed by the authors for the Oklahoma Department of Transportation (ODOT) for the analysis of bridge approach settlements. Nonlinear finite element method (FEM), including infinite element concept, is employed. Modified Cam-clay model is employed to idealize the nonlinear soil behavior. The software is found to be an efficient tool for the analysis of settlement potentials of new as well as existing bridge approaches. An attempt is made to investigate the interaction between the embankment and foundation with respect to a specific approach site in Oklahoma.

Subject Headings: Soil settlement | Foundation settlement | Bridge foundations | Structural settlement | Finite element method | Infrastructure construction | Consolidated soils | United States | Oklahoma

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