Human Extender: A Material Handling System

by H. Kazerooni, Univ of California, Berkeley, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Robotics for Challenging Environments


A human's ability to perform physical tasks is limited by physical strength, not by intelligence. `Extenders' are a class of robot manipulators worn by humans to augment human mechanical strength, while the wearer's intellect remains the central control system for manipulating the extender. Our research objective is to determine the ground rules for the control of robotic systems worn by humans through the design, construction, and control of several prototype experimental direct-drive/non-direct-drive multi-degree-of-freedom hydraulic/electric extenders. The design of extenders is different from the design of conventional robots because the extender interfaces with the human on a physical level. The extender's architecture is a direct drive system with all revolute joints. Its linkage consists of two identical subsystems, the arm and the hand, each having three degrees of freedom. Two sets of force sensors measure the forces imposed on the extender by the human and by the environment (i.e., the load). The extender's compliances in response to such contact forces were designed by selecting appropriate force compensators.

Subject Headings: Human and behavioral factors | Control systems | Material mechanics | Strength of materials | Automation and robotics | Degrees of freedom | Construction materials | Hydraulic design

Services: Buy this book/Buy this article


Return to search