Primary Metals and Criteria for Water use in the Columbia River, British Columbia

by L. John Zeman, IPB, North Vancouver, Canada,
H. Olav Slaymaker, IPB, North Vancouver, Canada,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Management of Irrigation and Drainage Systems: Integrated Perspectives


We assessed primarily concentrations of lead, cadmium, copper, zinc and water hardness in the Columbia River between Birchbank and Waneta. Water quality in this reach of the river is affected by discharges from municipal treatment plants and particularly Cominco Limited's lead-zinc smelter and fertilizer complex. Special emphasis was given to the comparison of lead concentrations with hardness-related Canadian Water Quality Guidelines, and the United States Environmental Protection Agency criteria recommended for the protection of aquatic life.

Subject Headings: Water quality | Water pollution | Water discharge | River bank stabilization | Lead (chemical) | Water chemistry | Rivers and streams | Canada | British Columbia | United States

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