Artificial Gravel Beaches in the Coastal Protection

by V. M. Peshkov, Scientific Industrial Association, for coast protection, "Krasnodarbergozashchita&Prime, Russia,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Coastlines of the Black Sea


Gravel beaches on the Caucasian Black Sea coast are intensively eroded mainly because of man meddling in natural course of coastal processes (sediment withdrawal from beaches and river beds, adjustment of river runoff, construction of port jetties and local systems of coastal protection etc.) That results in intensification of coast and bottom abrasion and destruction of buildings and communications. To withstand this occurrence different kinds of concrete erections such as sea walls, groynes, submerged breakwaters, concrete block fills were used for a long time. Such a method did not favor the solution of this problem but only complicated it. Since 1981 artificial gravel beaches, as the most effective and inexpensive method of coastal protection, are being used more widely on the Caucasian Black Sea Coast.

Subject Headings: Coastal management | Coastal protection structures | Coastal processes | Beaches | Beach protection and nourishment | Gravels | Seas and oceans | Black Sea

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