Accelerating and Evaluating the Development of Restored and Constructed Seagrass Ecosystems

by M. S. Fonseca, NMFS/NOAA, Beaufort, United States,
D. L. Meyer, NMFS/NOAA, Beaufort, United States,
W. J. Kenworthy, NMFS/NOAA, Beaufort, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Coastal Zone '93


Seagrass beds from one of the most productive ecosystems in the world (Zieman and Wetzel 1980). NOAA often recommends that unavoidable impacts to these highly productive systems be mitigated by restoration projects (Thayer et al. 1986). Mitigation efforts have historically focused only on transplanting (Addy 1947; Derrenbacker and Lewis 1982; Fonseca et al. 1988). Despite the extensive work on planting technology, little quantitative work has been done to evaluate the successful restoration of secondary production in restored beds (Thorhaud and Roessler 1977), the ultimate objective of fishery resource management (Homziak et al. 1982; McLaughlin et al. 1983; Fonseca et al. 1988; 1989).

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