Durability of Concrete Bridges in Virginia

by Celik Ozyildirim, Virginia Transportation Research, Council, Charlottesville, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Structural Engineering in Natural Hazards Mitigation


This paper discusses four major types of deterioration found in concrete bridges: corrosion of the reinforcement, alkali-aggregate reactivity, freeze-thaw deterioration, and attack by sulfates. These types of deterioration are caused by improper matching of ingredients and environmental conditions and poor construction practices. For each type, the mechanism of deterioration and the measures taken to prevent the deterioration are discussed.

Subject Headings: Concrete bridges | Reinforced concrete | Deterioration | Material durability | Freeze and thaw | Corrosion | Aggregates | Sulfates | Virginia | United States

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