Who Pays for the Unexpected in Construction—An Architect's Viewpoint

by Joseph L. Fleischer, James Stewart Polshek and Partners, New York, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Preparing for Construction in the 21st Century


As an Architect, who in the first instance is contractually obligated to address the full range of design discipline services, the question of 'who pays for the unexpected in construction' is simply too broad a topic to address very easily. The question must be placed within the context of a construction industry and a profession that has changed substantially over the last twenty-five years and may well be on the verge of yet another transition. As a Design Professional involved in both renovation/restoration projects and new construction, the opportunity for the so-called 'unexpected' to occur is significantly increased. The door is further opened by the fact that a large number of our high profile renovation projects are publicly supported, and often involve an open, low-bid Contractor selection process.

Subject Headings: Construction management | Architects | Construction industry | Renovation | Contracts and subcontracts | Project management | Architectural engineering | Building design

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