Who Pays for the Unexpected in Construction? A Heavy Construction Contractor's Viewpoint

by Charles A. Worischeck, Conduit and Foundation Corp, Elmwood Park, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Preparing for Construction in the 21st Century


The complex question of who pays for the unexpected in construction is analyzed using several examples from experience. In addition to the unexpected being due to subsurface conditions, it is shown how the process of private developers providing concurrent public improvements to serve their developments has created another interface which adds confusion to the chain of responsibility. Thus many disputes end up in courts and the costs are born by the owner, the engineer and the contractor.

Subject Headings: Construction management | Contracts and subcontracts | Legal affairs | Construction costs | Subsurface environment | Risk management | Private sector

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