The 301(h) Waiver & the Clean Water Act in Southern California

by Tom Routson,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Coastal Zone '91


Throughout the late 1970's and 1980's Los Angeles City and county governments fought the Clean Water Act from being implemented. An amendment to the Clean Water Act was used to delay full secondary treatment of sewage before the sanitation districts sent the effluent into our coastal waters. This amendment is known as the 301(h) waiver. This waiver is to be used when delaying such treatment will not narm tnhe local marine ecosystem. Waiver status was granted to the city of Los Angeles in 1981. By January 1991 the EPA had denied the city and county waiver status regarding the secondary treatment issue and the dumping of sewage sludge was halted. It was an example of how citizens who participate in the system can effect change.

Subject Headings: Clean Water Act | Light rail transit | Water treatment | Water pollution | Water quality | Sewage | Urban areas | Sea water | California | United States | Los Angeles

Services: Buy this book/Buy this article


Return to search