Environmental Impact Assessment and the Conservation of Marine Biological Diversity

by Donna S. Wieting, Natl Oceanic and Atmospheric, Administration, Washington, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Coastal Zone '91


Legislation is pending to include assessment of biodiversity in the Environmental Impact Statement process and revise the National Environmental Policy Act to better address the conservation of biological diversity. The loss of biological diversity has become a critical issue both nationally and internationally, with the focus on destruction of tropical forests and the extinction of terrestrial species. Little attention has been given to the loss of biodiversity in other endangered systems, particularly the oceans and coastal waters. The goal of this paper is to discuss the environmental assessment process of NEPA as a means to conserve marine biological diversity.

Subject Headings: Environmental issues | Biological processes | Water pollution | Water policy | Aquatic habitats | Tropical regions | Forests | Coastal management

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