A Model for the Management of Groundwater and Surface Water Rights During Droughts

by John C. Tracy, Kansas State Univ, Manhattan, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Water Resources Planning and Management and Urban Water Resources


A more equitable management of basin water rights could be obtained if groundwater rights were allocated as a maximum rate of withdrawal and yearly amount of water determined as an equivalent diversion from the stream bed, rather than pumpage from the well. However, for such a scheme to be feasible the effect that pumping a well has on the recharge from a stream that is hydraulically connected to an aquifer would have to be predicted for every well in the basin. This paper presents the foundation for a numerical surface water-groundwater flow model that determines the effective 'at-stream' diversion for each well in a basin when the surface and groundwater are interconnected.

Subject Headings: Groundwater management | Water resources | Water rights | Water supply | Terrain models | Hydrologic models | Surface water | Droughts

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