The Impact of Agricultural and Industrial Development on the Water Quality in Latin America and the Caribbean

by Fred M. Reiff, Water Quality for the Pan American, Health Organization, Washington, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Supplying Water and Saving the Environment for Six Billion People


Agricultural and Industrial development are having a serious negative impact upon the quality of water resources in Latin America and the Caribbean. The continuing demographic explosion along with the strong emphasis on development is overtaxing the already weak pollution control sector in most Latin American countries. The pervasive current economic problems further exacerbate this problem resulting in many governments relaxing what few pollution control requirements they have. The deleterious effects and the primary causes of water quality deterioration in both surface and ground water and necessary measures for their control are discussed.

Subject Headings: Water quality | Water resources | Industrial facilities | Water pollution | Irrigation water | Agricultural wastes | Groundwater quality | Economic factors | South America | Central America

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