Breakwater Choices

by Georges Vincent, Consulting Engineer; Grenoble, France,

Serial Information: Civil Engineering—ASCE, 1989, Vol. 59, Issue 7, Pg. 64-66

Document Type: Feature article


Most of the maritime breakwaters built throughout the world are of the rubble mount type, with a protective armor constructed of artificial blocks. Despite the multitude of different shapes and sizes, only five types of blocks are commonly used: cubes, modified cubes, Tetrapods, Dolosse, and Accopodes. Their technical and economic qualities are compared, focusing on the Accropode, the most recently developed. Eight case histories are included.

Subject Headings: Breakwaters | Case studies | Riprap | Armor units | Economic factors

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