Ground Water Recharge in Ganga Basin

by A. C. Chaturvedi, Lakmangani, India,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Artificial Recharge of Ground Water


Ganga Basin is the repository of ground water in the Indian sub continent. The area is subject to frequent drought. Tubewell development both in the state and private sectors has been vigorously pursued in the area. Over pumping has resulted in ground water lowering in many areas. It was suggested that ground water development should generally be integrated with surface water development to provide a comprehensive system. Ground water was operated as a reservoir with heavy pumping during drought, and light pumping during periods of ample surface supplies. Past development of water resources has led to the suggestion that the effects of future drought might be mitigated by artificial recharge of ground water and improving the whole ecological system. Intensive use of the ground water basis required off takes in excess of natural or induced renewal rate by addition of water through recharge. It was suggested that water which was availalble intermittently could be stored with the view of using it later at rates in excess of the natural replacement rate.

Subject Headings: Water shortage | Water resources | Groundwater recharge | Water storage | Recharge basins | Groundwater management | Droughts | India | Asia

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