Design Requirements for a Mars Base Greenhouse

by Steven H. Schwartzkopf, Lockheed Missiles & Space Co, United States,
Rocco Mancinelli, Lockheed Missiles & Space Co, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Engineering, Construction, and Operations in Space


One potential method of supplying life support to a manned base on Mars utilizes a Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS). A major component of the CELSS is a plant growth unit to produce food. This paper describes the results of several experiments conducted to determine whether or not a low atmospheric pressure greenhouse could be used to grow crop plants on the Martian surface. The results of these experiments are described and integrated with other information to produce a set of design requirements and a conceptual design for such a greenhouse.

Subject Headings: Space life support systems | Mars | Ecosystems | Space colonies | Flight | Crops | Conceptual design | Agriculture

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