Stream Flow Model for a Coastal Stream in Egypt

by Mostafa M. Soliman, Ain Shams Univ, Egypt,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Soil Properties Evaluation from Centrifugal Models and Field Performance


The Coastal region north of Egypt contains many small streams known as Wadis which are considered the main water resources in that region. All the Wadis in the north coast of Egypt run toward the Mediterrenean Sea which are located north of Egypt. Since the general features of the whole coastal area are approximately similar, and due to lack of data about rainfall and runoff relations in that region, a representative Wadi with some available data is selected. A finite element channel flow model for this wadi is established. The main objective of this model study is to find a certain relation between the rainfall and runoff which can be applied for that coastal region in order to assess the potentiality of its water resources. SCS unit hydrograph method was also modified to suit the aforementioned wadi.

Subject Headings: Developing countries | Sea water | Streamflow | Rivers and streams | Water resources | Rainfall-runoff relationships | Finite element method | Channel flow | Egypt | Africa | Middle East

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