Demand Management and Urban Water Supply Planning

by Duane D. Baumann, Southern Illinois Univ, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: The Role of Social and Behavioral Sciences in Water Resources Planning and Management


During the past twenty years, the social sciences research has been translated into new methods and techniques of analysis which enable planners to evaluate the role of demand management in urban water supply planning. The concept of conservation has been operationally defined. A disaggregated water use forecast model (IWR-MAIN) has been developed and refined in order to measure the effects on water use of numerous policy changes. A method to evaluate the full range of benefits and costs of these changes has been developed, tested, and applied in several urban places. The adoption of these methods of evaluation and analytical tools has been slow; in many places traditional approaches prevail.

Subject Headings: Municipal water | Urban areas | Water demand | Management methods | Water policy | Water use | Water resources | Personnel management

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